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California Redemption Value
California Redemption Value (CRV) is a deposit paid on purchases of certain recyclable beverage containers in California. The consumer pays CRV on the purchase of beverages with aluminum, plastic, glass, and bimetal containers and can be reimbursed if the containers are brought to a recycling center.
California Redemption Value is easily confused with California Refund Value, which is the amount recycling centers pay to consumers in exchange for empty bottles and cans. This discrepancy is usually unimportant because the redemption (or deposit) value is usually the same as the refund value, although they are different at times. The acronym "CRV" is often used to denote either.
After Oregon passed its Bottle Bill in 1972 the California Legislature debated its own Bottle Bill for nearly 15 years. After a groundswell of public support and the genesis of some new recycling political organizations, including Californians Against Waste, California passed its Beverage Container Recycling and Litter Reduction Act of 1986, which enacted the CRV program in 1987. It was one of many laws categorized as container deposit legislation that followed the Oregon Bottle Bill of 1971. Originally, California's "bottle bill" applied only to the containers of carbonated beverages; in 2000, the legislation was updated to include other beverage containers.
At its inception, the California law allowed consumers to return their beverage containers for 1 cent each. Refund value eventually increased to 2.5 cents (and 4 cents for larger containers) and then to 4 cents (and 8 cents) in 2004. In September 2006, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger signed legislation (AB 3056) to increase the California Refund Value in the following calendar year. Effective January 1, 2007, recycling centers pay consumers 5 cents for containers less than 24 fl oz and 10 cents for containers 24 fl oz or more. Redemption Value (the deposit customers pay at retail purchase), however, was to remain $0.04 and $0.08 (respectively) through July 1, 2007. Since the recycling rate did not reach 75% by then, Redemption Value also increased to $0.05 and $0.10. In other words, for the first half of 2007, consumers enjoyed a refund rate higher than the deposit rate.
CRV, like all container deposit legislation, has two main purposes: it seeks to encourage recycling and discourage littering.
California Department of Conservation, Division of Recycling
The California Department of Conservation, Division of Recycling administers the California Beverage Container Recycling and Litter Reduction Act. The primary goal of the Act is to achieve and maintain high recycling rates for each beverage container type included in the program. The Division provides a number of services to achieve these goals, including enforcement, auditing, grant funding, technical assistance and education.
Cost of CRV
CRV for aluminum, glass, metal, and plastic containers is:
The retailer adds the cost of CRV on top of the beverage cost. This means that if a 12-pack of beer costs $10.00, the customer actually pays a total of $10.60—$10.00 for the beer plus a $0.60 deposit for CRV (12 bottles of beer times $0.05 equals $0.60). State sales tax is then applied to this total, which varies according to local municipality. On beverages which are not subject to state sales tax (i.e. juices, non-alcoholic/non-carbonated drinks in applicable containers), sales tax does not get applied to the CRV.
Types of beverages
CRV is paid on the following types of beverages:
CRV is not paid on the following:
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "California_Redemption_Value". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|