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ConocoPhillips Company (NYSE: COP) is an international energy corporation with its headquarters located in Houston, Texas. It was created through the merger of Conoco Inc. and the Phillips Petroleum Company on August 30, 2002. Headquarters are based in Houston, Texas in the United States, and offices are located worldwide. It is one of the six "supermajor" vertically integrated oil companies.
ConocoPhillips employs approximately 38,700 people worldwide in more than 40 countries. As of 2006, their 12 U.S. refineries had a combined crude processing capacity of 2,208,000 barrels per day (BPD) making it the second-largest refiner in the United States. Worldwide, they have a combined crude processing capacity of 2,901,000 BPD making it the fifth-largest refiner in the world.
Refining & Marketing
ConocoPhillips operates 19 refineries around the world.
* Denotes joint ventures. Crude capacity reflects that proportion.
In the United States, the company operates Conoco, Phillips 66, and (Union) 76 (which was part of Unocal for many years, later a Tosco brand before that company was bought by Phillips) retail gas stations.
In Europe, it operates Jet filling stations in Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Sweden, Thailand (now take over by PTT) and the United Kingdom.
ProJET was the brand operated in Malaysia, Turkpetrol in Turkey, and COOP in Switzerland.
On April 11, 2007, ConocoPhillips became the first U.S. oil company to join the U.S. Climate Action Partnership, an alliance of big business and environmental groups that in January sent a letter to President George W. Bush stating that mandatory emissions caps are needed to reduce the flow of carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases into the atmosphere. ConocoPhillips has said it will spend $150 million this year on the research and development of new energy sources and technologies— a 50 percent increase in spending from 2006.
A recent University of Massachusetts study has ranked ConocoPhillips third among U.S. corporate producers of air pollution. According to the researchers, ConocoPhillips facilities release more than eight million pounds of toxic chemicals annually into the air. The company has also been implicated in some of the United States' worst toxic waste dumps; the Center for Public Integrity has announced that United States Environmental Protection Agency documents link ConocoPhillips to 52 Superfund sites.
In 2003, ConocoPhillips was named as a defendant in a lawsuit brought by a Georgian environmental group called Green Alternative. The suit claimed that a number of foreign oil companies colluded with the Georgian government to induce authorities to approve a $3 billion pipeline without properly evaluating environmental impact.
In 2007, a number of environmental groups including the Sierra Club and the Prairie Rivers Network announced their support for ConocoPhillips' plan to expand its Wood River oil refinery. A spokesperson for the group said that, despite ConocoPhillips' history of environmental policy violations, she was optimistic that the corporation would comply with pollution laws as it expanded the refinery.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "ConocoPhillips". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|