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# Dukhin number

Dukhin number is dimensionless quantity that characterizes contribution of the surface conductivity to various electrokinetic and electroacoustic effects, as well as to conductivity and permittivity of fluid heterogeneous systems.

It was introduced by Lyklema in “Fundamentals of Interface and Colloid Science” [1].

IUPAC Technical Report [2] prepared by a group of most known world experts on this subject uses this term explicitly.

Dukhin number is a ratio of the surface conductivity:κσ to the fluid bulk electric conductivity Km multiplied by particle size a ::

$\ Du = \frac{\kappa^{\sigma}}{{\Kappa_m}a}$

There is another expression of this number that is valid when surface conductivity is associated only with ions motion above slipping plane in the Double Layer. In this case, value of the surface conductivity depends on ζ-potential, which leads to the following expression for the Dukhin number for symmetrical electrolyte with equal ions diffusion coefficient:

$\ Du = \frac{2(1+3m/z^2)}{{\kappa}a}\left(\mathrm{cosh}\frac{zF\zeta}{2RT}-1\right)$

where parameter m characyterizes contribution of electro-osmosis into motion of ions within DL:

$m = \frac{2\varepsilon_0\varepsilon_m R^2T^2}{3\eta F^2 D}$
F is Faraday constant
T is absolute temperature
R is gas constant
C is ions concentration in bulk
z is ion valency
ζ is electrokinetic potential
ε0 is vaccum dielectric permittivity
εm is fluid dielectric permittivity
η is dynamic viscosity
D is diffusion coefficient

There are several ways to measure ‘’’Dukhin number’’’. Some of them are described in the Ref.2, section 4.4.

## References

1. ^ Lyklema, J. “Fundamentals of Interface and Colloid Science”, vol.2, page.3.208, 1995
2. ^ ”Measurement and Interpretation of Electrokinetic Phenomena”, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Technical Report, published in Pure Appl.Chem., vol 77, 10, pp.1753-1805, 2005

## Category

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Dukhin_number". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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