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Ethyl lactate



Ethyl lactate
IUPAC name Ethyl 2-hydroxypropanoate
Other names Ethyl lactate
Lactic acid ethyl ester
2-Hydroxypropanoic acid ethyl ester
Actylol
Acytol
Identifiers
CAS number [97-64-3], [687-47-8] (L-form)
RTECS number OD5075000
SMILES O=C(OCC)C(O)C
Properties
Molecular formula C5H10O3
Molar mass 118.13 g/mol
Appearance Clear to slightly yellow liquid
Density 1.03g/cm3, liquid
Melting point

−26 °C

Boiling point

151-155 °C

Solubility in water Miscible
Solubility in ethanol,
and most alcohols
Miscible
Hazards
Main hazards Irritant (Xi)
NFPA 704
1
1
0
 
R-phrases R10, R37, R41
S-phrases (S2), S24, S26, S39
Flash point 46 °C
Related Compounds
Related compounds Lactic acid
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Ethyl lactate, also known as lactic acid ethyl ester, is a monobasic ester formed from lactic acid and ethanol, commonly used as a solvent. This compound is considered biodegradable and can be used as a water-rinsable degreaser. Ethyl lactate is found naturally in small quantities in a wide variety of foods including wine, chicken, and various fruits. The odor of ethyl lactate is mild, buttery, creamy, with hints of fruit and coconut.

Additional recommended knowledge

Due to its relatively low toxicity, ethyl lactate is used commonly in pharmaceutical preparations, food additives, and fragrances. Also used as solvent for nitrocellulose, cellulose acetate, and cellulose ethers.

References

     
    This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ethyl_lactate". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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