Frederick Gowland Hopkins
|Born||June 20 1861|
Eastbourne, Sussex, England
|Died||May 16 1947 (aged 85)|
|Institutions||University of Cambridge|
|Alma mater||University of LondonGuy's Hospital|
|Academic advisor ||Thomas Stevenson|
|Notable students ||J.B.S. HaldaneJudah Hirsch QuastelMalcolm Dixon|
|Known for||Discovery of vitamins, tryptophan|
|Notable prizes|| Nobel Prize (1929)|
|He is notably the father-in-law of the writer J. B. Priestley. Although he had no formal doctoral advisor, his equivalent mentor was Thomas Stevenson.|
Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins OM FRS (June 20, 1861 Eastbourne, Sussex - May 16, 1947 Cambridge) was an English biochemist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1929, with Christiaan Eijkman, for the discovery of vitamins. He also discovered the amino acid tryptophan, in 1901.
Hopkins was educated at the City of London School completing his further study with the University of London External Programme and the medical school at Guy's Hospital (King's College London). He became Professor of Biochemistry at Cambridge University in 1914, where his students included neurochemistry pioneer Judah Hirsch Quastel.
He was awarded the 1929 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (together with Christiaan Eijkman) for his discovery that certain trace substances -- now known as vitamins -- are essential for the maintenance of good health. He also discovered that muscle contraction can lead to the accumulation of lactic acid.
Hopkins was knighted in 1925.
- June 30, 1861: Born in Eastbourne, Sussex, England.
- 1890: Gains B.Sc. degree from University of London.
- 1894: Medical degree from Guy's Hospital, London.
- 1898: Married to Jessie Anne Stevens.
- 1898-1910: Lecturer in Chemical Physiology, Cambridge University.
- 1905: Elected Fellow of the Royal Society (Britain's most prestigious scientific organization).
- 1910: Appointed Fellow and Praelector in Biochemistry, Trinity College, Cambridge.
- 1912: Publishes "Feeding Experiments Illustrating the Importance of Accessory Food Factors in Normal Dietaries", demonstrating the need for vitamins in diet.
- 1914-1943: First ever Professor of Biochemistry at Cambridge University.
- 1918: Awarded Royal Medal of the Royal Society.
- 1925: Knighted by King George V.
- 1926: Awarded Copley Medal of the Royal Society.
- 1929: Wins Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology.
- 1930-1935: President of the Royal Society.
- 1933: President of the British Association for the Advancement of Science.
- 1935: Awarded the Order of Merit (Britain's most exclusive civilian honor).
- May 16, 1947: Dies in Cambridge, England.
- ^ Joseph Needham, "Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins, O.M., F.R.S. (1861-1947)," Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London, Vol. 17, No. 2. (Dec., 1962), pp. 117-162
- Thomas, N.J.T. 1998. The Life and Scientific Work of Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins
in Physiology or Medicine|
Johannes Fibiger (1926) •
Julius Wagner-Jauregg (1927) •
Charles Nicolle (1928) •
Christiaan Eijkman / Frederick Hopkins (1929) •
Karl Landsteiner (1930) •
Otto Warburg (1931) •
Charles Sherrington / Edgar Adrian (1932) •
Thomas Morgan (1933) •
George Whipple / George Minot / William Murphy (1934) •
Hans Spemann (1935) •
Henry Dale / Otto Loewi (1936) •
Albert Szent-Györgyi (1937) •
Corneille Heymans (1938) •
Gerhard Domagk (1939) •
Henrik Dam / Edward Doisy (1943) •
Joseph Erlanger / Herbert Gasser (1944) •
Alexander Fleming / Ernst Chain / Howard Florey (1945) •
Hermann Muller (1946) •
Carl Cori / Gerty Cori / Bernardo Houssay (1947) •
Paul Müller (1948) •
Walter Hess / Egas Moniz (1949) •
Edward Kendall / Tadeusz Reichstein / Philip Hench (1950)
Complete roster |
|| Hopkins, Frederick
| ALTERNATIVE NAMES
| SHORT DESCRIPTION
|| English Biochemist
| DATE OF BIRTH
|| June 20, 1861
| PLACE OF BIRTH
|| Eastbourne, Sussex, England
| DATE OF DEATH
|| May 16, 1947
| PLACE OF DEATH
|| Cambridge, England