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Cation (positively charged)
When hydrogen loses its electron, the following cations can be formed:
In addition, the ions produced by the reaction of these cations with water as well as their hydrates are called hydrogen ions:
The latter two play an important role in proton hopping according to the Grotthuss mechanism.
In connection with acids, hydrogen ions typically refer to hydrons.
Anion (negatively charged)
Hydrogen anions are formed when additional electrons are acquired:
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Hydrogen_ion". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|