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Isotopes of oxygen



Oxygen (O)
Standard atomic mass: 15.9994(3) u
The isotopes of oxygen include 3 stable nuclei and 14 unstable nuclei.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Table

nuclide
symbol
Z(p) N(n)  
isotopic mass (u)
 
half-life nuclear
spin
representative
isotopic
composition
(mole fraction)
range of natural
variation
(mole fraction)
excitation energy
12O 8 4 12.034405(20) 580(30)E-24 s [0.40(25) MeV] 0+
13O 8 5 13.024812(10) 8.58(5) ms (3/2-)
14O 8 6 14.00859625(12) 70.598(18) s 0+
15O 8 7 15.0030656(5) 122.24(16) s 1/2-
16O 8 8 15.99491461956(16) STABLE 0+ 0.99757(16) 0.99738-0.99776
17O 8 9 16.99913170(12) STABLE 5/2+ 0.00038(1) 0.00037-0.00040
18O 8 10 17.9991610(7) STABLE 0+ 0.00205(14) 0.00188-0.00222
19O 8 11 19.003580(3) 26.464(9) s 5/2+
20O 8 12 20.0040767(12) 13.51(5) s 0+
21O 8 13 21.008656(13) 3.42(10) s (1/2,3/2,5/2)+
22O 8 14 22.00997(6) 2.25(15) s 0+
23O 8 15 23.01569(13) 82(37) ms 1/2+#
24O 8 16 24.02047(25) 65(5) ms 0+
25O 8 17 25.02946(28)# <50 ns (3/2+)#
26O 8 18 26.03834(28)# <40 ns 0+
27O 8 19 27.04826(54)# <260 ns 3/2+#
28O 8 20 28.05781(64)# <100 ns 0+

Notes

  • The precision of the isotope abundances and atomic mass is limited through variations. The given ranges should be applicable to any normal terrestrial material.
  • Values marked # are not purely derived from experimental data, but at least partly from systematic trends. Spins with weak assignment arguments are enclosed in parentheses.
  • Uncertainties are given in concise form in parentheses after the corresponding last digits. Uncertainty values denote one standard deviation, except isotopic composition and standard atomic mass from IUPAC which use expanded uncertainties.

References

  • Isotope masses from Ame2003 Atomic Mass Evaluation by G. Audi, A.H. Wapstra, C. Thibault, J. Blachot and O. Bersillon in Nuclear Physics A729 (2003).
  • Isotopic compositions and standard atomic masses from Atomic weights of the elements. Review 2000 (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure Appl. Chem. Vol. 75, No. 6, pp. 683-800, (2003) and Atomic Weights Revised (2005).
  • Half-life, spin, and isomer data selected from these sources. Editing notes on this article's talk page.
    • Audi, Bersillon, Blachot, Wapstra. The Nubase2003 evaluation of nuclear and decay properties, Nuc. Phys. A 729, pp. 3-128 (2003).
    • National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory. Information extracted from the NuDat 2.1 database (retrieved Sept. 2005).
    • David R. Lide (ed.), Norman E. Holden in CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 85th Edition, online version. CRC Press. Boca Raton, Florida (2005). Section 11, Table of the Isotopes.

See also


Isotopes of nitrogen Isotopes of oxygen Isotopes of fluorine
Index to isotope pages
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Isotopes_of_oxygen". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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