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List of alkanes



The following is a list of straight-chain alkanes and their common names, sorted by number of carbon atoms.

Number of C atoms Formula Common name Synonyms
1 CH4 Methane marsh gas; methyl hydride; natural gas
2 C2H6 Ethane dimethyl; ethyl hydride; methyl methane
3 C3H8 Propane dimethyl methane; propyl hydride
4 C4H10 n-Butane butyl hydride; methylethyl methane
5 C5H12 n-Pentane amyl hydride; Skellysolve A
6 C6H14 n-Hexane dipropyl; Gettysolve-B; hexyl hydride; Skellysolve B
7 C7H16 n-Heptane dipropyl methane; Gettysolve-C; heptyl hydride; Skellysolve C
8 C8H18 n-Octane dibutyl; octyl hydride
9 C9H20 n-Nonane nonyl hydride; Shellsol 140
10 C10H22 n-Decane decyl hydride
11 C11H24 n-Undecane hendecane
12 C12H26 n-Dodecane adakane 12; bihexyl; dihexyl; duodecane
13 C13H28 n-Tridecane
14 C14H30 n-Tetradecane
15 C15H32 n-Pentadecane
16 C16H34 n-Hexadecane cetane
17 C17H36 n-Heptadecane
18 C18H38 n-Octadecane
19 C19H40 n-Nonadecane
20 C20H42 n-Eicosane didecyl
21 C21H44 n-Heneicosane
22 C22H46 n-Docosane
23 C23H48 n-Tricosane
24 C24H50 n-Tetracosane tetrakosane
25 C25H52 n-Pentacosane
26 C26H54 n-Hexacosane cerane; hexeikosane
27 C27H56 n-Heptacosane
28 C28H58 n-Octacosane
29 C29H60 n-Nonacosane
30 C30H62 n-Triacontane
31 C31H64 n-Hentriacontane untriacontane
32 C32H66 n-Dotriacontane dicetyl
33 C33H68 n-Tritriacontane
34 C34H70 n-Tetratriacontane
35 C35H72 n-Pentatriacontane
36 C36H74 n-Hexatriacontane
37 C37H76 n-Heptatriacontane
38 C38H78 n-Octatriacontane
39 C39H80 n-Nonatriacontane
40 C40H82 n-Tetracontane
41 C41H84 n-Hentetracontane
42 C42H86 n-Dotetracontane
43 C43H88 n-Tritetracontane
44 C44H90 n-Tetratetracontane
45 C45H92 n-Pentatetracontane
46 C46H94 n-Hexatetracontane
47 C47H96 n-Heptatetracontane
48 C48H98 n-Octatetracontane
49 C49H100 n-Nonatetracontane
50 C50H102 n-Pentacontane
51 C51H104 n-Henpentacontane
52 C52H106 n-Dopentacontane
53 C53H108 n-Tripentacontane
54 C54H110 n-Tetrapentacontane
55 C55H112 n-Pentapentacontane
56 C56H114 n-Hexapentacontane
57 C57H116 n-Heptapentacontane
58 C58H118 n-Octapentacontane
59 C59H120 n-Nonapentacontane
60 C60H122 n-Hexacontane
61 C61H124 n-Henhexacontane
62 C62H126 n-Dohexacontane
63 C63H128 n-Trihexacontane
64 C64H130 n-Tetrahexacontane
65 C65H132 n-Pentahexacontane
66 C66H134 n-Hexahexacontane
67 C67H136 n-Heptahexacontane
68 C68H138 n-Octahexacontane
69 C69H140 n-Nonahexacontane
70 C70H142 n-Heptacontane
71 C71H144 n-Henheptacontane
72 C72H146 n-Doheptacontane
73 C73H148 n-Triheptacontane
74 C74H150 n-Tetraheptacontane
75 C75H152 n-Pentaheptacontane
76 C76H154 n-Hexaheptacontane
77 C77H156 n-Heptaheptacontane
78 C78H158 n-Octaheptacontane
79 C79H160 n-Nonaheptacontane
80 C80H162 n-Octacontane
81 C81H164 n-Henoctacontane
82 C82H166 n-Dooctacontane
83 C83H168 n-Trioctacontane
84 C84H170 n-Tetraoctacontane
85 C85H172 n-Pentaoctacontane
86 C86H174 n-Hexaoctacontane
87 C87H176 n-Heptaoctacontane
88 C88H178 n-Octaoctacontane
89 C89H180 n-Nonaoctacontane
90 C90H182 n-Nonacontane
91 C91H184 n-Hennonacontane
92 C92H186 n-Dononacontane
93 C93H188 n-Trinonacontane
94 C94H190 n-Tetranonacontane
95 C95H192 n-Pentanonacontane
96 C96H194 n-Hexanonacontane
97 C97H196 n-Heptanonacontane
98 C98H198 n-Octanonacontane
99 C99H200 n-Nonanonacontane
100 C100H202 n-Hectane
101 C101H204 n-Henihectane
102 C102H206 n-Dohectane
103 C103H208 n-Trihectane
104 C104H210 n-Tetrahectane
105 C105H212 n-Pentahectane
106 C106H214 n-Hexahectane
107 C107H216 n-Heptahectane
108 C108H218 n-Octahectane
109 C109H220 n-Nonahectane
110 C110H222 n-Decahectane
111 C111H224 n-Undecahectane
...

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "List_of_alkanes". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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