My watch list
my.chemeurope.com  
Login  

List of elements by melting point



This is a list of the chemical elements, sorted by melting point measured at normal pressure.

Additional recommended knowledge

Element categories in the periodic table

Metals Metalloids Nonmetals
Alkali metals Alkaline earth metals Inner transition elements Transition elements Other metals Other nonmetals Halogens Noble gases
Lanthanides Actinides
Z Name Symbol Melting Point in °C (Kelvin)
2HeliumHe(Does not solidify at normal pressure, even near absolute zero, but might at extreme conditions, at 0.0213K)
1HydrogenH−258.975 °C (14.2 K)
10NeonNe−248.447 °C (24.7 K)
8OxygenO−222.65 °C (50.5 K)
9FluorineF−219.52 °C (53.6 K)
7NitrogenN−209.86 °C (63.3 K)
18ArgonAr−189.19 °C (84.0 K)
36KryptonKr−157.22 °C (116 K)
54XenonXe−111.7 °C (161 K)
17ChlorineCl−100.84 °C (172 K)
86RadonRn−71 °C (202.1 K)
80MercuryHg−38.72 °C (234 K)
35BromineBr−7.1 °C (266 K)
87FranciumFr27 °C (300 K)
55CaesiumCs28.55 °C (301.70 K)
31GalliumGa29.76 °C (302.91 K)
37RubidiumRb39.64 °C (312.79 K)
15Phosphorus (white)P44.1 °C (317.3 K)
19PotassiumK63.35 °C (336.50 K)
11SodiumNa98 °C (371 K)
53IodineI113.5 °C (386.7 K)
16SulfurS115.36 °C (388.51 K)
49IndiumIn156.76 °C (429.91 K)
3LithiumLi180.7 °C (453.9 K)
34SeleniumSe221 °C (494 K)
50TinSn232.06 °C (505.21 K)
84PoloniumPo254 °C (527 K)
83BismuthBi271.52 °C (544.67 K)
85AstatineAt302 °C (575 K)
81ThalliumTl304 °C (577 K)
48CadmiumCd321.18 °C (594.33 K)
82LeadPb327.6 °C (600.8 K)
30ZincZn419.73 °C (692.88 K)
52TelluriumTe449.65 °C (722.80 K)
51AntimonySb630.9 °C (904.1 K)
93NeptuniumNp640 °C (913 K)
94PlutoniumPu640 °C (913 K)
12MagnesiumMg650 °C (923 K)
13AluminiumAl660.25 °C (933.40 K)
88RadiumRa700 °C (973 K)
56BariumBa729 °C (1,002 K)
38StrontiumSr769 °C (1,042 K)
58CeriumCe798 °C (1,071 K)
33ArsenicAs817 °C (1,090 K)
63EuropiumEu822 °C (1,095 K)
70YtterbiumYb824 °C (1,097 K)
20CalciumCa839 °C (1,112 K)
99EinsteiniumEs860 °C (1,130 K)
57LanthanumLa920 °C (1,190 K)
59PraseodymiumPr931 °C (1,204 K)
61PromethiumPm931 °C (1,204 K)
32GermaniumGe938.3 °C (1,211.4 K)
47SilverAg961 °C (1,234 K)
97BerkeliumBk986 °C (1,259 K)
95AmericiumAm994 °C (1,267 K)
60NeodymiumNd1,016 °C (1,289 K)
89ActiniumAc1,050 °C (1,320 K)
79GoldAu1,064.58 °C (1,337.73 K)
96CuriumCm1,067 °C (1,340 K)
62SamariumSm1,072 °C (1,345 K)
29CopperCu1,084.6 °C (1,357.8 K)
92UraniumU1,132 °C (1,405 K)
25ManganeseMn1,246 °C (1,519 K)
4BerylliumBe1,278 °C (1,551 K)
64GadoliniumGd1,312 °C (1,585 K)
65TerbiumTb1,357 °C (1,630 K)
66DysprosiumDy1,407 °C (1,680 K)
14SiliconSi1,410 °C (1,680 K)
28NickelNi1,453 °C (1,726 K)
67HolmiumHo1,470 °C (1,740 K)
27CobaltCo1,495 °C (1,768 K)
101MendeleviumMd1,521 °C (1,794 K)
102NobeliumNo1,521 °C (1,794 K)
68ErbiumEr1,522 °C (1,795 K)
39YttriumY1,526 °C (1,799 K)
26IronFe1,535 °C (1,808 K)
21ScandiumSc1,539 °C (1,812 K)
69ThuliumTm1,545 °C (1,818 K)
46PalladiumPd1,552 °C (1,825 K)
91ProtactiniumPa1,600 °C (1,870 K)
98CaliforniumCf1,652 °C (1,925 K)
22TitaniumTi1,660 °C (1,930 K)
71LutetiumLu1,663 °C (1,936 K)
90ThoriumTh1,755 °C (2,028 K)
78PlatinumPt1,772 °C (2,045 K)
40ZirconiumZr1,852 °C (2,125 K)
24ChromiumCr1,857 °C (2,130 K)
23VanadiumV1,902 °C (2,175 K)
45RhodiumRh1,966 °C (2,239 K)
43TechnetiumTc2,200 °C (2,470 K)
72HafniumHf2,227 °C (2,500 K)
44RutheniumRu2,250 °C (2,520 K)
5BoronB2,300 °C (2,570 K)
77IridiumIr2,443 °C (2,716 K)
41NiobiumNb2,468 °C (2,741 K)
42MolybdenumMo2,617 °C (2,890 K)
100FermiumFm2,781 °C (3,054 K)
103LawrenciumLr2,961 °C (3,234 K)
73TantalumTa2,996 °C (3,269 K)
76OsmiumOs3,027 °C (3,300 K)
75RheniumRe3,180 °C (3,450 K)
74TungstenW3,407 °C (3,680 K)
6Carbon (diamond)C3,550 °C (3,820 K)
6Carbon (graphite)C3,675 °C (3,948 K)
6Carbon (amorphous)C3,675 °C (3,948 K)

The melting points of these elements are not yet known


Temperature with most liquid elements

The temperature ranges at which the most elements are liquid are 2739 - 2742K and 2750 - 2792K (2466 - 2469°C and 2477 - 2519°C; 4471 - 4476°F and 4491 - 4566°F).

Actinium, aluminium, americium, boron, cerium, chromium, cobalt, copper, curium, dysprosium, erbium, gadolinium, germanium, gold, hafnium, holmium, iridium, iron, lanthanum, lutetium, neodymium, neptunium, nickel, palladium, platinum, plutonium, praseodymium, promethium, protactinium, rhodium, ruthenium, scandium, silicon, technetium, terbium, thorium, tin, titanium, uranium, vanadium, yttrium and zirconium are liquid in both ranges. They are joined by beryllium in the lower range, and niobium in the upper.

The four key temperatures in these ranges are respectively, the melting point of iridium , the boiling point of beryllium, the melting point of niobium, and the boiling point of aluminium.

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "List_of_elements_by_melting_point". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE