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Maleic anhydride (cis-butenedioic anhydride, toxilic anhydride, dihydro-2,5-dioxofuran) is an organic compound with the formula C4H2O3. In its pure state it is a colourless or white solid with an acrid odour.
Maleic anhydride was traditionally manufactured by the oxidation of benzene or other aromatic compounds. Due to rising benzene prices, most maleic anhydride plants now use n-butane as a feedstock. As of 2006, only few smaller plants continue to use benzene:
The chemistry of maleic anhydride is very rich, reflecting its ready availability and bifunctional reactivity.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Maleic_anhydride". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|