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NPSH is an acronym for Net Positive Suction Head. It shows the difference, in any cross-section of a generic hydraulic circuit, between the pressure and the liquid vapor pressure in that section.
NPSH is an important parameter, to be taken into account when designing a circuit : whenever the liquid stagnation pressure drops below the vapor pressure, liquid boiling occurs, and the final effect will be cavitation: vapor bubbles may reduce or stop the liquid flow. Apart from that, cavitation results in elevated noise levels and possible damage to the pump. Centrifugal pumps are particularly vulnerable, whereas positive displacement pumps are immune to that and they are generally able to pump mixtures of gases and liquids.
NPSH = P0 + H − Y − Vt
In pump operation, two aspects of this parameter are called respectively NPSHA or NPSH (a) Net Positive Suction Head (available) and NPSHR or NPSH(r) Net Positive Suction Head (required), where NPSH(a) is computed at pump inlet port, and NPSH(r) is the NPSH limit the pump can withstand without cavitating.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "NPSH". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|