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[n]Radialenes are alicyclic organic compounds containing n cross-conjugated exocyclic double bonds. The double bonds are commonly alkene groups but those with a carbonyl (C=O) group are also called radialenes . For some members the unsubstituted parent radialenes are elusive but many substituted derivatives are known.
Radialenes are investigated in organic chemistry for their unusual properties and reactivity but have not ventured outside the laboratory. Reported uses are as experimental building blocks for novel organic conductors and ferromagnets . The first radialene called hexaethylidencyclohexane was synthesised in 1961 .
 and radialenes are expected to have a planar molecular geometry with all carbon atoms in the same plane. This is verified experimentally in hexamethylradialene and cyclobutanetetraonetetrakis(hydrazone). Decamethylradialene has a twist envelope geometry with C2 symmetry while a chair conformation is calculated for radialene and found experimentally for hexa-(ethylidene)cyclohexane
This compound is reported as planar with D3h symmetry (X-ray diffraction) but not aromatic: the carbon-carbon bond lengths are unusually long (145 pm vs. 140 pm for benzene) and the calculated NICS value is close to zero.
Synthesis & properties
The parent ,, and radialenes polymerize when in contact with oxygen.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Radialene". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|