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The discovery of ununquadium in December 1998 was reported in January 1999 by scientists at Dubna (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research) in Russia. The same team produced another isotope of Uuq three months later and confirmed the synthesis in 2004 and 2006.
In 2004 in the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research the synthesis of this element was confirmed by another method (the chemical identifying on final products of decay of element).
Ununquadium is a temporary IUPAC systematic element name. Some have termed it eka-lead, as its properties are conjectured to be similar to those of lead. It is expected to be a soft, dense metal that tarnishes in air, with a melting point around 200 degrees Celsius.
In search for the island of stability - ununquadium-298
According to the island of stability theory, some nuclides around the area of 114 protons and 184 neutrons (i.e. isotope Uuq-298) can be expected to be relatively stable in comparison to the surrounding nuclides. Ununquadium does not occur naturally, so it is entirely synthesized in laboratories. All isotopes of ununquadium synthesized so far are neutron-poor. This means that they contain significantly fewer neutrons than 184, which is one of the magic number of neutrons that is believed to make the isotope more stable. Neutron-poor also indicates that the isotopes decay either by spontaneous fission producing a variety of radionuclides, positron emission or electron capture to yield element ununtrium. So far, all three that have been made have undergone spontaneous fission in the first .0012 milliseconds, and therefore have never been able to be studied.
Difficulty in synthesis
Manufacturing ununquadium-298 would be very difficult, because nuclei summing to 114 protons and 184 neutrons are not available in weighable quantities.
However it may be possible to generate ununquadium-298, if nuclear transfer reactions can be achieved. One of these reactions may be
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ununquadium". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|