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Formation

News Formation

  • Powerful X-ray beams unlock secrets of nanoscale crystal formation

    High-energy X-ray beams and a clever experimental setup allowed researchers to watch a high-pressure, high-temperature chemical reaction to determine for the first time what controls formation of two different nanoscale crystalline structures in the metal cobalt. The technique allowed continuous stu more

  • A new way to gauge the growth of nanowires

    In a new study, researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne and Brookhaven National Laboratories observed the formation of two kinds of defects in individual nanowires, which are smaller in diameter than a human hair. These nanowires, made of indium gallium arsenide, could be usef more

  • Discovering new field affecting metals solidification

    A fundamental discovery that alters our current understanding of how metals solidify and form crystalline patterns may help lead to better control of casting and welding processes. It also explains how snowflakes and many mineral patterns form naturally. Reexamining data from his 20-year-old NASA ex more

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White papers Formation

  • The Danger of Air & Bubbles

    Air and bubbles, or fluid aeration and cavitation, can cause numerous problems in a hydraulic and lubrication oil system. Lubrication practitioners should be attentive to abnormal noise, poor component response due to spongy behavior of aerated fluid more

  • Battling Corrosion in Refineries

    Corrosion in refinery operations has been, and still is, the subject of many studies, papers, courses and web forums. Although a lot of what has been written shows that significant progress in understanding corrosion has been made, it also makes it more

  • Automated Dynamic Light Scattering

    DLS analysis is a widely applied, non-invasive method for measuring the effective size of molecules in solution. This technique yields valuable information for the characterization of molecules and particles. It facilitates formerly laborious and tim more

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Publications Formation

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Market studies Formation

  • Polymer Market in India 2012

    Indian Petrochemical industry is one of the fastest growing sectors in the world. Low operating capacities in Indian petrochemical concerns bring with it the opportunity for future facility utilization. Polymer market is dependent on growth in related sectors. Low per capita consumption of polymer o more

  • Colombia Agribusiness Report Q3 2012

    BMI View: In May, the long-stalled free trade agreement (FTA) between Colombia and the US finally was put into action. The FTA was first signed in 2006 but had not been ratified owing to continuing concerns in the US over Colombia's human rights record. The pact eliminates tariffs on 77% of agricult more

  • Spain Petrochemicals Report Q1 2012

    Aggressive fiscal austerity, rising interest rates, stubbornly high unemployment and ongoing deleveraging within the private sector will keep petrochemicals output and consumption well below potential over the medium term, according to BMI’s latest Spain Petrochemicals Report. With the domestic ma more

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Definition

Chalk Formation

Chalk Formation , part of the extensive Southern England Chalk Formation . The Chalk Formations of Europe are thick deposits of chalk , a soft porous white limestone , deposited in a marine environment during the upper Cretaceous Period. They a ... more

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