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A better way of scrubbing CO2

Berkeley Lab researchers find way to improve the cost-effectiveness through the use of MOFs

18-Mar-2015

A means by which the removal of carbon dioxide (CO2) from coal-fired power plants might one day be done far more efficiently and at far lower costs than today has been discovered by a team of researchers with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley ...

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New design tool for metamaterials

Berkeley Lab study shows how to predict metamaterial nonlinear optical properties

11-Feb-2015

Metamaterials - artificial nanostructures engineered with electromagnetic properties not found in nature - offer tantalizing future prospects such as high resolution optical microscopes and superfast optical computers. To realize the vast potential of metamaterials, however, scientists will need ...

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Piezoelectricity in a 2-D semiconductor

Berkeley Lab researchers discovery of piezoelectricty in molybdenum disulfide holds promise for future MEMS

06-Jan-2015

A door has been opened to low-power off/on switches in micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) and nanoelectronic devices, as well as ultrasensitive bio-sensors, with the first observation of piezoelectricity in a free standing two-dimensional semiconductor by a team of researchers with the U.S. ...

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Berkeley Lab study reveals molecular structure of water at gold electrodes

28-Oct-2014

When a solid material is immersed in a liquid, the liquid immediately next to its surface differs from that of the bulk liquid at the molecular level. This interfacial layer is critical to our understanding of a diverse set of phenomena from biology to materials science. When the solid surface is ...

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A quick look at electron-boson coupling

Berkeley Lab researchers use ultrafast spectroscopy on many body effects

10-Oct-2014

Imagine being able to tune the properties of a solid material just by flashing pulses of light on it, for example turning an insulator into a superconductor. That is just one potential payoff down-the-road from the physical phenomenon of electrons and atoms interacting with ultrashort pulses of ...

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Advanced light source sets microscopy record

Berkeley Lab researchers achieve highest resolution ever with X-ray microscopy

15-Sep-2014

A record-setting X-ray microscopy experiment may have ushered in a new era for nanoscale imaging. Working at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), a collaboration of researchers used low energy or "soft" X-rays to image structures only five ...

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Fundamental chemistry findings could help extend Moore's Law

17-Jul-2014

Over the years, computer chips have gotten smaller thanks to advances in materials science and manufacturing technologies. This march of progress, the doubling of transistors on a microprocessor roughly every two years, is called Moore's Law. But there's one component of the chip-making process ...

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A path toward more powerful tabletop accelerators

03-Jun-2014

Making a tabletop particle accelerator just got easier. A new study shows that certain requirements for the lasers used in an emerging type of small-area particle accelerator can be significantly relaxed. Researchers hope the finding could bring about a new era of accelerators that would need ...

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Lighting the way to graphene-based devices

Berkeley Lab researchers use light to dope graphene boron nitride heterostructures

21-May-2014

Graphene continues to reign as the next potential superstar material for the electronics industry, a slimmer, stronger and much faster electron conductor than silicon. With no natural energy band-gap, however, graphene's superfast conductance can't be switched off, a serious drawback for ...

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To bridge LEDs' green gap, scientists think small... really small

Nanostructures half a DNA strand-wide show promise for efficient LEDs

08-Apr-2014

Nanostructures half the breadth of a DNA strand could improve the efficiency of light emitting diodes (LEDs), especially in the "green gap," a portion of the spectrum where LED efficiency plunges, simulations at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center ...

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