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From nanocrystals to earthquakes, solid materials share similar failure characteristics


Apparently, size doesn't always matter. An extensive study by an interdisciplinary research group suggests that the deformation properties of nanocrystals are not much different from those of the Earth's crust. "When solid materials such as nanocrystals, bulk metallic glasses, rocks, or granular ...


Catalyst combining reactivity and selectivity could speed drug development


Chemists have long believed that inserting nitrogen into a carbon-hydrogen bond requires a trade-off between catalyst reactivity and selectivity. But a new manganese-based catalyst developed by University of Illinois chemists has given researchers both in one efficient, lower-cost ...


Made from solar concentrate

Solar cell absorbs high-energy light at 30-fold higher concentration than conventional cells


By combining designer quantum dot light-emitters with spectrally matched photonic mirrors, a team of scientists with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of Illinois created solar cells that collect blue photons with the highest luminescent concentration factor ever ...


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Researchers combine disciplines, computational programs to determine atomic structure


A team from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Indiana University combined two techniques to determine the structure of cyanostar, a new abiological molecule that captures unwanted negative ions in solutions. When Semin Lee, a chemist and Beckman Institute postdoctoral fellow at ...


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New research may enhance display & LED lighting technology

Large-area integration of quantum dots and photonic crystals produce brighter and more efficient light


Recently, quantum dots (QDs) have moved from the research lab into commercial products. However, QDs are expensive to make so there's a push to improve their performance and efficiency, while lowering their fabrication costs. Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have ...


Sodium carbonate capsules used to capture carbon safely


Using the same baking soda found in most grocery stores, Lawrence Livermore scientists, along with colleagues from Harvard University and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have created a significant advance in carbon dioxide capture.The team developed a new type of carbon capture ...


'Nanocamera' takes pictures at distances smaller than light's own wavelength

How is it possible to record optically encoded information for distances smaller than the wavelength of light?


Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated that an array of novel gold, pillar-bowtie nanoantennas (pBNAs) can be used like traditional photographic film to record light for distances that are much smaller than the wavelength of light (for example, distances ...


University of Illinois study advances limits for ultrafast nano-devices


A recent study by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign provides new insights on the physical mechanisms governing the interplay of spin and heat at the nanoscale, and addresses the fundamental limits of ultrafast spintronic devices for data storage and information ...


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Controlling thermal conductivities can improve energy storage


Controlling the flow of heat through materials is important for many technologies. While materials with high and low thermal conductivities are available, materials with variable and reversible thermal conductivities are rare, and other than high pressure experiments, only small reversible ...


Illinois researchers combine weak chemical forces to strengthen novel imaging technology

A new nanoparticle design, inspired by cell membranes, has led to clearer MRI images and paved the way for better diagnostic tools


When University of Illinois Associate Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Hyunjoon Kong, graduate student Cartney Smith, and colleagues set out to improve MR imaging (MRI), they turned current contrast agent technology on its head —or rather, they turned it inside out. The new ...


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