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Next generation solvent contributes to next generation biofuel production from biomass

05-Dec-2017

The first-generation biofuel, industrialized, ethanol, is produced from foodstuffs like maize, and thus poses great concern about a possible future shortage of food. It is therefore necessary to produce ethanol from non-food biomass like weeds, waste paper, paper cup, etc. (second-generation ...

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Harnessing the rattling motion of oxygen ions to convert T-rays to visible light

01-Dec-2017

Scientists have successfully visualized terahertz radiation, popularly known as T-rays, using a crystal called mayenite (Ca12Al14O33). Their method cleverly utilizes the rattling motion caused by the vibration of oxygen ions inside the cage-like structures of the crystal. In recent years, there ...

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Sulfur improves birefringence!

Developing liquid crystalline molecules

29-Nov-2017

A team of researchers led by Assistant Professor Yuki Arakawa, Toyohashi University of Technology, has successfully liquid crystallized π-conjugated 2 rod-like molecules with alkylthio groups containing sulfur 1 , and developed high birefringence molecules that exhibit nematic liquid crystal with ...

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'Ion billiards' cue novel material synthesis method

21-Nov-2017

A team of Hokkaido University researchers has developed a novel material synthesis method called proton-driven ion introduction (PDII) which utilizes a phenomenon similar to "ion billiards." The new method could pave the way for creating numerous new materials, thus drastically advancing ...

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Evaluation of novel hybrid membranes for carbon capture

20-Nov-2017

Carbon dioxide (CO2) capture remains a priority in many countries as the world seeks to address climate change. In particular, the most recent report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change shows that geological storage of carbon dioxide is required for all scenarios that can meet 430 ...

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A fast reactor system to shorten the lifetime of long-lived fission products

15-Nov-2017

A team of scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) working in collaboration with Tohoku University, Tokyo City University and the Japan Atomic Energy Agency has proposed a novel approach to tackle the problem of radioactive waste disposal. The new method could dramatically reduce ...

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A gel that does not break or dry out

13-Nov-2017

Researchers have developed a highly robust gel that includes large amounts of ionic liquid. The research team was led by Professor Matsuyama Hideto and Assistant Professor Kamio Eiji (Kobe University Graduate School of Science, Center for Membrane and Film Technology). Ionic liquid is a substance ...

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Breaking the chain

Catalyzing a green future for chemistry

08-Nov-2017

The fight against climate change is a call-to-arms for industry. We currently rely on fossil fuels, a major source of the greenhouse gas CO2 , not only for energy but also to create chemicals for manufacturing. To ween our economies off this dependency, we must find a new source of "green" raw ...

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Rolling the dice on perovskite interfaces

30-Oct-2017

Perovskites are a type of mineral and class of materials, and have been attracting a great deal of attention for their potential applications to technologies such as those used in solar cells. These unique materials have well-ordered structures and show many interesting properties that could be ...

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A new structure family of oxide-ion conductors 'SrYbInO4'

27-Oct-2017

Because some A2BO4-based materials such as (Pr,La)2(Ni,Cu,Ga)O4+δ exhibit high oxide-ion conductivity, scientists at Tokyo Tech have been exploring new structure families of ABCO4-based materials as BaRInO4, where R represents a rare earth element. Here, A, B, and C are cations located at ...

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