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262 Current news about the topic nanostructures

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New 'chemical noses' to rid the environment of industrial pollutants

11-Feb-2019

Scientists from five European countries have joined forces to develop next-generation 'chemical noses' to remove industrial pollutants from the environment. The European Commission allocated 2.9 million euros to finance the Horizon2020 FET-OPEN project INITIO that will bring together researchers ...

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Broadband achromatic metalens focuses light regardless of polarization

New design doubles the efficiency of the metalens

23-Jan-2019

We live in a polarized world. No, we aren't talking about politics -- we're talking about light. Much of the light we see and use is partially polarized, meaning its electric field vibrates in specific directions. Lenses designed to work across a range of applications, from phone cameras to ...

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Carrying and releasing nanoscale cargo with 'nanowrappers'

Nanocubes for biomedicine, catalysis and beyond

08-Jan-2019

This holiday season, scientists at the Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)--a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory--have wrapped a box of a different kind. Using a one-step chemical synthesis method, they engineered hollow metallic ...

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Meta-surface corrects for chromatic aberrations across all kinds of lenses

Single-layer surface of nanostructures can be incorporated into commercial optical systems

23-Nov-2018

Today's optical systems -- from smartphone cameras to cutting-edge microscopes -- use technology that hasn't changed much since the mid-1700s. Compound lenses, invented around 1730, correct the chromatic aberrations that cause lenses to focus different wavelengths of light in different spots. ...

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Sustainable 'nano-raspberry' to neutralize poisonous carbon monoxide

22-Nov-2018

Scientists from the Nagoya Institute of Technology (NITech) in Japan have developed a sustainable method to neutralize carbon monoxide, the odorless poison produced by cars and home boilers. Traditionally, carbon monoxide needs a noble metal - a rare and expensive ingredient - to convert into ...

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Detecting light in a different dimension

Polymer nanostructures longer than wide make graphene a better light detector

14-Nov-2018

Scientists from the Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) have dramatically improved the response of graphene to light through self-assembling wire-like nanostructures that conduct electricity. The improvement could pave the way for the development of graphene-based detectors that can quickly ...

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Nanoreactors to synthesize organic substances under visible light

A new type of photocatalysts -- nanostructures from titanium dioxide

11-Oct-2018

A RUDN chemist developed a new type of photocatalysts - nanostructures from titanium dioxide. Hollow nanocubes with ultra-thin walls act like nanoreactors and provide for 28 fold more effective organic reactions at room temperature under the influence of visible light. Traditional methods of ...

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This bacterium gets paid in gold

Harvesting solar fuels through a bacterium's unusual appetite for gold

11-Oct-2018

A bacterium named Moorella thermoacetica won't work for free. But UC Berkeley researchers have figured out it has an appetite for gold. And in exchange for this special treat, the bacterium has revealed a more efficient path to producing solar fuels through artificial photosynthesis. M. ...

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How a tetrahedral substance can be more symmetrical than a spherical atom: A new type of symmetry

18-Sep-2018

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have theoretically demonstrated that special tetrahedron nanostructures composed of certain metals have a higher degree of symmetry than the geometrical symmetry of spherical atoms. Nanomaterials with unique and unprecedented electrical and magnetic ...

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Color effects from transparent 3D-printed nanostructures

New design tool automatically creates nanostructure 3D-print templates for user-given colors

20-Aug-2018

Most of the objects we see are colored by pigments, but using pigments has disadvantages: such colors can fade, industrial pigments are often toxic, and certain color effects are impossible to achieve. The natural world, however, also exhibits structural coloration, where the microstructure of an ...

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