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The prevention of latanoprost on osteoclastgenesis in vitro and lipopolysaccharide‐induced murine calvaria osteolysis in vivo

Abstract

Identification of agents that inhibit osteoclast formation and function is important for the treatment of osteolytic diseases which feature excessive osteoclast formation and bone resorption. Latanoprost (LTP), an analog of prostaglandin F2α, is a medication which works to lower pressure inside the eyes. Prostaglandin F2α was reported to regulate bone metabolism, however the effect of LTP in osteoclastogenesis is still unknown. Here, we found that LTP suppressed RANKL‐induced osteoclastogenesis in a dose‐dependent manner as illustrated by TRAP activity and TRAP staining. In addition, the osteoclast function was also reduced by LTP treatment, as indicated in less osteoclastic resorption pit areas. Furthermore, LTP inhibited the mRNA expressions of osteoclast marker genes such as TRAP and cathepsin K. In order to illustrate its molecular mechanism, we examined the changing of mRNA and protein levels of NFATc1 and c‐fos by LTP treatment, as well as the phosphorylation of ERK, AKT, JNK and p38. The results suggested that LTP inhibited RANKL‐induced osteoclastgenesis and function by inhibiting ERK, AKT, JNK and p38 cascade, following by the c‐fos/NFATc1 pathway. In agreement with in vitro results, using an in vivo lipopolysaccharide‐induced murine calvaria osteolysis mouse model, we found that administration of LTP was able to reverse the lipopolysaccharide‐induced bone loss. Together, these data demonstrated that LTP attenuated the bone loss in lipopolysaccharide‐induced murine calvaria osteolysis mice through inhibiting osteoclast formation and function. Our study thus provided the evidences that LTP was a potential treatment option against osteolytic bone diseases. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

Authors:   Xing Xu, Yufei Yan, Zhuochao Liu, Jin Qi, Niandong Qian, Hanbing Zhou, Qi Zhou, Tianqi Wang, Ping Huang, Lei Guo, Min Jiang, Lianfu Deng
Journal:   Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Year:   2017
Pages:   n/a
DOI:   10.1002/jcb.26646
Publication date:   23-Dec-2017
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • metabolism
  • medication
  • genes
  • eyes
  • diseases
  • copyright
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