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An in vitro system of autologous lymphocytes culture that allows the study of homeostatic proliferation mechanisms in human naive CD4 T-cells

The size of peripheral T-cell pool is kept constant throughout life. However, a decline in lymphocyte numbers is a feature of several human disorders, in which fast and slow homeostatic proliferation play a crucial role. Several in vitro and in vivo models have been developed to study such processes. Nevertheless, self- and commensal- antigens, well-known triggers of homeostatic proliferation, have not been examined in these models. We have designed an in vitro culture of human T-cells exposed to rIL7 and autologous antigen-presenting cells (aAPC) that allows the simultaneous characterization of the different types of homeostatic proliferation. Using our model, we first confirmed that both rIL7 and aAPC are survival signals ultimately leading to homeostatic proliferation. In addition, we explored the modulation of different anti-apoptotic, proliferative, activation and homing markers during fast and slow homeostatic proliferation. Finally, different subsets of Treg were generated during homeostatic proliferation in our model. In summary, our in vitro system is able to simultaneously reproduce both types of homeostatic proliferation of human naive CD4 T-cells, and allows the characterization of these processes. Our in vitro system is a useful tool to explore specific features of human homeostatic proliferation in different human lymphopenia-related disorders and could be used as a cell therapy approach.

Authors:   Isaac Rosado-Sánchez; Amaia González-Magaña; María M Pozo-Balado; Inés Herrero-Fernández; María J Polaino; María M Rodríguez-Méndez; María Francisca González-Escribano; Manuel Leal; Yolanda M Pacheco
Journal:   Laboratory Investigation
Year:   2018
Pages:   1
DOI:   10.1038/s41374-017-0006-3
Publication date:   18-Jan-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • T cells
  • lymphocytes
  • human T cells
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