The global distillation hypothesis states that fractionation patterns of persistent semivolatile chemicals in the environment are determined by the effect of spatially varying environmental temperature on the temperature-dependent phase partitioning coefficients of chemicals. Here, we use a model experiment and an analysis of monitoring data for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) to explore an alternative hypothesis, the differential removal hypothesis, which proposes that fractionation results from different loss rates from the atmosphere, acting along a gradient of remoteness from emission sources. Model calculations for a range of PCB congeners demonstrate that fractionation occurs with distance from sources, regardless of the temperature gradient. We have assembled two independent data sets of PCB concentrations in European air that show fractionation, and quantified the remoteness of monitoring sites from PCB sources using the remoteness index, RI. Regression analysis of these empirical data against RI...
Harald von Waldow; Matthew MacLeod; Kevin Jones; Martin Scheringer; Konrad Hungerbühler; Harald von Waldow; Kevin Jones; Martin Scheringer; Konrad Hungerbühler
The two enantiomers of 2-(2-hydroxybiphenyl-4-yl)propanoic acid ((S)- and (R)-BPOH) have been selected as probes for human serum albumin (HSA). Photophysical characterization in the absence of protein led to emission maxima, singlet energies, quantum yields, and fluorescence lifetime values ... more
The photodissociation of H2O in its B band is a prototype for nonadiabatic reaction dynamics. In addition to dissociation via the adiabatic pathway to the OH(Ã2Σ+) + H fragments, it also produces the OH(X̃2Π) + H fragments through two nonadiabatic pathways: the B̃ → X̃ transition via two co ... more
Due to the widespread occurrence in the environment and potential risk toward organisms of fluoroquinolones (FQs), it is of importance to develop high efficient methods for assessing their occurrence and environmental risk. A monoclonal antibody (Mab) with broad cross-reactivity to FQs was ... more
Rohm and Haas Powder Coatings is delighted to announce that its Reading, Pennsylvania, facility is the first site in the world to receive the RCMS® Site Certification awarded by the American Chemical Council (ACC).
When Raj Gupta, Chairman and CEO of Rohm and Haas Company, became Chairman ... more