A new two-stage gasification process, consisting of a fluidized-bed (FB) pyrolyzer and a downdraft fixed-bed (DFB) gasifier, has been proposed to gasify powder coal for fuel gas production with low tar generation. Aiming at developing the new technology, this paper investigated the means for coal pyrolysis gas upgrading, with the focus on tar removal by both thermal cracking with or without the presence of oxygen and catalytic cracking or reforming over a char bed in a fixed-bed reactor downstream of a FB coal pyrolyzer. The presence of oxygen and the adoption of a char bed evidently facilitated the tar removal performance and also improved the produced fuel gas quality. Analyzing the tar sample collected at the outlet of the tar removal reactor with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) clarified that the oxidation by O2 and the char-catalyzed reforming both exhibited certain selectivity to the tar-containing chemical species. In addition, the property of char played an important role on its catal...
The two enantiomers of 2-(2-hydroxybiphenyl-4-yl)propanoic acid ((S)- and (R)-BPOH) have been selected as probes for human serum albumin (HSA). Photophysical characterization in the absence of protein led to emission maxima, singlet energies, quantum yields, and fluorescence lifetime values ... more
The photodissociation of H2O in its B band is a prototype for nonadiabatic reaction dynamics. In addition to dissociation via the adiabatic pathway to the OH(Ã2Σ+) + H fragments, it also produces the OH(X̃2Π) + H fragments through two nonadiabatic pathways: the B̃ → X̃ transition via two co ... more
Due to the widespread occurrence in the environment and potential risk toward organisms of fluoroquinolones (FQs), it is of importance to develop high efficient methods for assessing their occurrence and environmental risk. A monoclonal antibody (Mab) with broad cross-reactivity to FQs was ... more
Rohm and Haas Powder Coatings is delighted to announce that its Reading, Pennsylvania, facility is the first site in the world to receive the RCMS® Site Certification awarded by the American Chemical Council (ACC).
When Raj Gupta, Chairman and CEO of Rohm and Haas Company, became Chairman ... more