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Aminolysis Reaction of Glycerol Carbonate in Organic and Hydroorganic Medium

Aminolysis reaction of glycerol carbonate with primary amine in organic and hydroorganic media leads to the formation of two hydroxyurethane isomers and a partial decomposition of glycerol carbonate into glycerol. Aminolysis with a secondary amine promotes the condensation reaction and limits the formation of glycerol. The ratio of α versus β was determined by zgig 13C NMR. This technique permits computing the yield of α and β products in the medium. The quantity of glycerol was determined by GC analysis. The ratio of the isomers and the amount of glycerol depend on the amine and the solvent. Kinetic investigations reveal that, in hydroorganic medium, the more the alkyl chain of the amine increased, the less glycerol was formed. On the contrary, in organic medium, the alkyl chain of the amine does not play a major role in the formation of glycerol.

Authors:   Bassam Nohra, Laure Candy, Jean-François Blanco, Yann Raoul, Zephirin Mouloungui
Journal:   Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
Year:   2012
DOI:   10.1007/s11746-011-1995-5
Publication date:   06-Jan-2012
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