ZnO:Al network films were grown on nanochannel Al2O3substrates at 300 K by direct current magnetron sputtering with an oblique target. The film thicknesses are 60 nm, 160 nm and 190 nm. The holes of the network films diminish with increasing film thickness. For the 60-nm thick film, the network is formed by connecting grains. For the 160-nm and 190-nm thick films, however, the network is formed by connecting granules. The granules consist of many small grains. All the network films have a wurtzite structure. The 60-nm and 160-nm thick network films mainly have a [1 0 1] orientation in the film growth direction while the 190-nm thick network film grows with a random crystallographic orientation. A temperature dependence of the resistance within 160–300 K reveals that the network films exhibit a semiconducting behavior and their carrier transport mechanism is thermally activated band conduction. Room temperature photoluminescence spectra for wavelengths between 300 nm and 700 nm reveal a violet emission centered at 405 nm for the 60-nm thick network film and a blue emission centered at 470 nm for both the 160-nm and the 190-nm thick network films. Annealing decreases the resistivity of the network film.
Publication date: July 2013Source:Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 203 Author(s): S. Kumar , K. Singh , M. Miclau , Ch. Simon , C. Martin , A. Maignan The change from antiferromagnetism induced ferroelectricity to spin glass ferroelectric relaxor has been studied along the ... more
Publication date: July 2013Source:Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 203 Author(s): Brian B. Kitchen , Nina Verdal , Terrence J. Udovic , John J. Rush , Michael R. Hartman , Daniel J. DeVries To investigate the previously reported low-temperature phase transition in rubidium ... more
Publication date: July 2013Source:Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 203 Author(s): T. Sasikala , L. Rama Moorthy , A. Mohan Babu , T. Srinivasa Rao The present work reports the absorption, photoluminescence and decay properties of singly doped Dy3+ and co-doped Dy3+/Tm3+ ions ... more
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