The structural effects and thermodynamics of the DNA binding of six berberine analogues with alkyl chains of varying length and a terminal phenyl group at the C-13 position were investigated. All the analogues bound DNA noncooperatively in contrast to the cooperative binding of berberine. The binding affinity was higher and the effect of the chain length was only up to (CH2)3, after which the binding affinity decreased slightly. Intercalative binding with strong stabilization of the DNA helix was revealed. Binding resulted in the weakening of the base stacking with moderate conformational changes within the B-form. The binding was entropy driven in each case, the entropy contribution to the free energy increasing with the chain length up to the threshold (CH2)3. The complexation was dominated by nonpolyelectrolytic forces in each case; polyelectrolytic forces contributed only a quarter to the total free energy at 50 mM [Na+]. Overall, the phenylalkyl substitution at the C-13 position considerably enhanced...
The two enantiomers of 2-(2-hydroxybiphenyl-4-yl)propanoic acid ((S)- and (R)-BPOH) have been selected as probes for human serum albumin (HSA). Photophysical characterization in the absence of protein led to emission maxima, singlet energies, quantum yields, and fluorescence lifetime values ... more
The photodissociation of H2O in its B band is a prototype for nonadiabatic reaction dynamics. In addition to dissociation via the adiabatic pathway to the OH(Ã2Σ+) + H fragments, it also produces the OH(X̃2Π) + H fragments through two nonadiabatic pathways: the B̃ → X̃ transition via two co ... more
Due to the widespread occurrence in the environment and potential risk toward organisms of fluoroquinolones (FQs), it is of importance to develop high efficient methods for assessing their occurrence and environmental risk. A monoclonal antibody (Mab) with broad cross-reactivity to FQs was ... more
Rohm and Haas Powder Coatings is delighted to announce that its Reading, Pennsylvania, facility is the first site in the world to receive the RCMS® Site Certification awarded by the American Chemical Council (ACC).
When Raj Gupta, Chairman and CEO of Rohm and Haas Company, became Chairman ... more