Chemical methods for modifying proteins can enable studies aimed at uncovering biochemical function. Herein, we describe the use of thiol–ene coupling (TEC) chemistry to report on the function of branched (also referred to as forked) ubiquitin trimers. We show how site-specific isopeptide (Nε-Gly-l-homothiaLys) bonds are forged between two molecules of Ub, demonstrating the power of TEC in protein conjugation. Moreover, we demonstrate that the Nε-Gly-l-homothiaLys isopeptide bond is processed to a similar extent by deubiquitinases (DUBs) as that of a native Nε-Gly-l-Lys isopeptide bond, thereby establishing the utility of TEC in the generation of Ub-Ub linkages. TEC is then applied to the synthesis of branched Ub trimers. Interrogation of these branched derivatives with DUBs reveals that the relative orientation of the two Ub units has a dramatic impact on how they are hydrolyzed. In particular, cleavage of K48C-linkages is suppressed when the central Ub unit is also conjugated through K6C, whereas cleava...
Ellen M. Valkevich; Robert G. Guenette; Nicholas A. Sanchez; Yi-chen Chen; Ying Ge; Eric R. Strieter
The two enantiomers of 2-(2-hydroxybiphenyl-4-yl)propanoic acid ((S)- and (R)-BPOH) have been selected as probes for human serum albumin (HSA). Photophysical characterization in the absence of protein led to emission maxima, singlet energies, quantum yields, and fluorescence lifetime values ... more
The photodissociation of H2O in its B band is a prototype for nonadiabatic reaction dynamics. In addition to dissociation via the adiabatic pathway to the OH(Ã2Σ+) + H fragments, it also produces the OH(X̃2Π) + H fragments through two nonadiabatic pathways: the B̃ → X̃ transition via two co ... more
Due to the widespread occurrence in the environment and potential risk toward organisms of fluoroquinolones (FQs), it is of importance to develop high efficient methods for assessing their occurrence and environmental risk. A monoclonal antibody (Mab) with broad cross-reactivity to FQs was ... more
Rohm and Haas Powder Coatings is delighted to announce that its Reading, Pennsylvania, facility is the first site in the world to receive the RCMS® Site Certification awarded by the American Chemical Council (ACC).
When Raj Gupta, Chairman and CEO of Rohm and Haas Company, became Chairman ... more