The Escherichia coli DNA repair enzyme AlkB is a 2-oxoglutarate (2OG)-dependent Fe2+ binding dioxygenase that removes methyl lesions from DNA and RNA. To date, nine human AlkB homologues are known: ABH1 to ABH8 and the obesity-related FTO. Similar to AlkB, these homologues exert their activity on nucleic acids, although for some homologues the biological substrate remains to be identified. 2OG dioxygenases require binding of the cofactors Fe2+ and 2OG in the active site to form a catalytically competent complex. We present a structural analysis of AlkB using NMR, fluorescence, and CD spectroscopy to show that AlkB is a dynamic protein exhibiting different folding states. In the absence of the cofactors Fe2+ and 2OG, apoAlkB is a highly dynamic protein. Binding of either Fe2+ or 2OG alone does not significantly affect the protein dynamics. Formation of a fully folded and catalytically competent holoAlkB complex only occurs when both 2OG and Fe2+ are bound. These findings provide the first insights into pro...
Boris Bleijlevens; Tara Shivarattan; Kim S. van den Boom; Annett de Haan; Gert van der Zwan; Pete J. Simpson; Steve J. Matthews
The two enantiomers of 2-(2-hydroxybiphenyl-4-yl)propanoic acid ((S)- and (R)-BPOH) have been selected as probes for human serum albumin (HSA). Photophysical characterization in the absence of protein led to emission maxima, singlet energies, quantum yields, and fluorescence lifetime values ... more
The photodissociation of H2O in its B band is a prototype for nonadiabatic reaction dynamics. In addition to dissociation via the adiabatic pathway to the OH(Ã2Σ+) + H fragments, it also produces the OH(X̃2Π) + H fragments through two nonadiabatic pathways: the B̃ → X̃ transition via two co ... more
Due to the widespread occurrence in the environment and potential risk toward organisms of fluoroquinolones (FQs), it is of importance to develop high efficient methods for assessing their occurrence and environmental risk. A monoclonal antibody (Mab) with broad cross-reactivity to FQs was ... more
Rohm and Haas Powder Coatings is delighted to announce that its Reading, Pennsylvania, facility is the first site in the world to receive the RCMS® Site Certification awarded by the American Chemical Council (ACC).
When Raj Gupta, Chairman and CEO of Rohm and Haas Company, became Chairman ... more