This work applies a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach to examine gas and soot-related radiation mechanisms in air and oxy-fuel flames operated with propane as fuel. In oxy-fuel combustion, CO2 and H2O replace the N2 in air combustion. As a result, the radiative heat transfer characteristics differ between the combustion atmospheres. Moreover, changes in soot formation have been observed in oxy-fuel compared to air-fired flames. Both gas- and soot-related radiation can be essential for the design of oxy-fuel furnaces and need to be accounted for when temperature and heat transfer conditions are modeled. The aim of the work is to determine the respective impact of combustion gases and soot in heat transfer modeling of the flames. Both gray and nongray approaches are used to account for the gas radiation and the results are compared to measured data from a 100 kW oxy-fuel unit to investigate if a gray model is sufficient to generate a reliable solution when applied in CFD simulations of oxy-fuel co...
Stefan Hjärtstam; Robert Johansson; Klas Andersson; Filip Johnsson
The two enantiomers of 2-(2-hydroxybiphenyl-4-yl)propanoic acid ((S)- and (R)-BPOH) have been selected as probes for human serum albumin (HSA). Photophysical characterization in the absence of protein led to emission maxima, singlet energies, quantum yields, and fluorescence lifetime values ... more
The photodissociation of H2O in its B band is a prototype for nonadiabatic reaction dynamics. In addition to dissociation via the adiabatic pathway to the OH(Ã2Σ+) + H fragments, it also produces the OH(X̃2Π) + H fragments through two nonadiabatic pathways: the B̃ → X̃ transition via two co ... more
Due to the widespread occurrence in the environment and potential risk toward organisms of fluoroquinolones (FQs), it is of importance to develop high efficient methods for assessing their occurrence and environmental risk. A monoclonal antibody (Mab) with broad cross-reactivity to FQs was ... more
Rohm and Haas Powder Coatings is delighted to announce that its Reading, Pennsylvania, facility is the first site in the world to receive the RCMS® Site Certification awarded by the American Chemical Council (ACC).
When Raj Gupta, Chairman and CEO of Rohm and Haas Company, became Chairman ... more