Several natural and synthetic substances have been monitored in analytical laboratories worldwide to ensure food safety. Multiple residue detection (i.e., detection of multiple analytes in a single sample or matrix) is a main weakness of existing analytical methods, when fast and reliable results are required. Multianalyte approaches may save time and money in the food industry, and more importantly, they allow the quick release of food products into the marketplace. In addition, multianalyte approaches notably decrease the time required between sampling and analysis to meet legal requirements. However, to achieve analytical success, it is necessary to develop thorough clean-up procedures to extract analytes from the matrix. In addition, good chromatographic separation methods are also necessary to distinguish closely related analytes. Molecular imprinting technology (MIT) is an emerging, powerful tool for sample extraction and chromatography. First used for solid-phase extraction, molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) are also effective chromatographic phases for the separation of isomers and structurally related molecules. In recent years, a number of analytical methods utilising MIT have been applied for the analysis of residues in food, and existing methodologies have been improved. This review article describes the latest applications of MIT in the development of methodologies to monitor the presence of residues of veterinary products in foodstuff.
Patricia Regal, Mónica Díaz-Bao, Rocío Barreiro, Alberto Cepeda, Cristina Fente
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