The single-subunit RNA polymerases make up a widespread family of proteins found in phage, mitochondria, and chloroplasts. Unlike the phage RNAPs, the eukaryotic RNAPs require accessory factors to melt their promoters and diverge from the phage RNAPs in the regions where functions associated with promoter melting in the latter have been mapped, suggesting that promoter melting mechanisms in the eukaryotic RNAPs diverge from those in the phage enzymes. However, here we show that an element in the yeast mitochondrial RNAP, identified by sequence alignment with the T7 phage RNAP, fulfills a role in promoter melting similar to that filled by the T7RNAP “intercalating hairpin”. The yeast mitochondrial RNAP intercalating hairpin appears to be as important in promoter melting as the mitochondrial transcription factor, MTF1, and both a structurally integral hairpin and MTF1 are required to achieve high levels of transcription on a duplex promoter. Deletions from the hairpin also relieve MTF1 inhibition of promote...
Gilberto Velazquez; Qing Guo; Liping Wang; Luis G. Brieba; Rui Sousa
The two enantiomers of 2-(2-hydroxybiphenyl-4-yl)propanoic acid ((S)- and (R)-BPOH) have been selected as probes for human serum albumin (HSA). Photophysical characterization in the absence of protein led to emission maxima, singlet energies, quantum yields, and fluorescence lifetime values ... more
The photodissociation of H2O in its B band is a prototype for nonadiabatic reaction dynamics. In addition to dissociation via the adiabatic pathway to the OH(Ã2Σ+) + H fragments, it also produces the OH(X̃2Π) + H fragments through two nonadiabatic pathways: the B̃ → X̃ transition via two co ... more
Due to the widespread occurrence in the environment and potential risk toward organisms of fluoroquinolones (FQs), it is of importance to develop high efficient methods for assessing their occurrence and environmental risk. A monoclonal antibody (Mab) with broad cross-reactivity to FQs was ... more
Rohm and Haas Powder Coatings is delighted to announce that its Reading, Pennsylvania, facility is the first site in the world to receive the RCMS® Site Certification awarded by the American Chemical Council (ACC).
When Raj Gupta, Chairman and CEO of Rohm and Haas Company, became Chairman ... more