Type IV secretion systems are macromolecular assemblies in the cell envelopes of bacteria that function in macromolecular translocation. Structural biology approaches have provided insights into the interaction of core complex components, but information about proteins that undergo transient interactions with membrane components has not been forthcoming. We have pursued an unbiased approach using peptide arrays and phage display to identify interaction partners and interaction domains of type IV secretion system assembly factor VirB8. These approaches identified the globular domain from the VirB5 protein to interact with VirB8. This interaction was confirmed in cross-linking, pull-down, and fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based interaction assays. In addition, using phage display analysis, we identified different regions of VirB6 as potential interaction partners of VirB8. Using a FRET-based interaction assay, we provide the first direct experimental evidence of the interaction of a VirB6 pe...
Ana Maria Villamil Giraldo; Durga Sivanesan; Anna Carle; Athanasios Paschos; Mark A. Smith; Maria Plesa; James Coulton; Christian Baron
The two enantiomers of 2-(2-hydroxybiphenyl-4-yl)propanoic acid ((S)- and (R)-BPOH) have been selected as probes for human serum albumin (HSA). Photophysical characterization in the absence of protein led to emission maxima, singlet energies, quantum yields, and fluorescence lifetime values ... more
The photodissociation of H2O in its B band is a prototype for nonadiabatic reaction dynamics. In addition to dissociation via the adiabatic pathway to the OH(Ã2Σ+) + H fragments, it also produces the OH(X̃2Π) + H fragments through two nonadiabatic pathways: the B̃ → X̃ transition via two co ... more
Due to the widespread occurrence in the environment and potential risk toward organisms of fluoroquinolones (FQs), it is of importance to develop high efficient methods for assessing their occurrence and environmental risk. A monoclonal antibody (Mab) with broad cross-reactivity to FQs was ... more
Rohm and Haas Powder Coatings is delighted to announce that its Reading, Pennsylvania, facility is the first site in the world to receive the RCMS® Site Certification awarded by the American Chemical Council (ACC).
When Raj Gupta, Chairman and CEO of Rohm and Haas Company, became Chairman ... more