The crystallization of zeolite A was monitored by measuring the adsorption capacities of synthetic products. The influences of organic additives on the crystallization process and adsorption performances of zeolite were investigated. SDS (sodium dodecyl sulphonate), TWEEN (Tween-80), and PEG (poly(ethylene glycol)) shorten the induction period by reducing the interfacial energy while SCMC (sodium carboxymethylcellulose) can prolong the induction period by increasing the interfacial energy. TEA (triethanolamine) can also suppress the nucleation through reducing the effective supply of aluminum. All the organic additives but SCMC diminish the rate of crystal growth. CTAB (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide) causes the destruction of crystal structure and reduce the concentration of OH− ions. As a result, the rate of crystal growth is significantly reduced. Meanwhile, PAM (poly(acrylamide)), SDS, TWEEN, HMTA (hexamethylenetetramine), and PEG increase the viscosities of synthesis systems, thus, diminish the growth rate. PAM restrains the transformation of zeolite A crystal into hydroxysodalite one, therefore, tremendously improves the stability of crystals of zeolite A. In addition, PAM can promote the rates of n-hexane adsorption on zeolite 5A because of the impact of PAM on the crystal-size distributions of zeolite 5A.
Plant parasitic nematodes are the most destructive group of plant pathogens worldwide and their control is extremely challenging. Plant Essential oils (EOs) and their constituents have a great potential in nematode control since they can be developed for use as nematicides themselves or can ... more
For over a century, ulcer has been a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Its treatment has progressed from vagotomy to proton pump inhibitors. However, the drugs used produce many adverse effects and are less effective than they ought to be. Therefore, there is a growing interest in alt ... more
Endophytic fungi are ubiquitous organisms found in the plants, residing intercellular or intracellular, at least for a portion of their lives without causing apparent symptoms of infection. Almost all plants are known to harbor endophytes. The choice of the plant to be used for exploring en ... more
Physicists describe how they have synthesized a new material that belongs to the iron-selenide class of superconductors, called LixFe2Se2(NH3)y, in a paper about to be published in EPJ B. The work was carried out by Ernst-Wilhelm Scheidt from the University of Augsburg and colleagues. This ... more
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Springer advisory board member Vladimir V. Dmitriev, along with fellow scientists Yuriy M. Bunkov and Igor A. Fomin, have been named winners of the 2008 Fritz London Memorial Prize for their discovery and understanding of the "Phase Coherent Spin Precession and Spin Superfluidity of 3He-B." ... more