In the present study, the effects of three production processes (pressing of roasted pumpkin seed paste, pressing of unroasted ground pumpkin seeds and pressing of unroasted ground pumpkin seeds while cooling the press) on the properties of pumpkin seed oils produced from two seed varieties (husked and naked) were investigated. Oils produced with roasting had a higher initial peroxide value (PV), twofold higher total phenol content and better oxidative stability while cold pressed oils had higher tocopherol content. Fatty acid and triacylglycerol compositions were not significantly affected by the processing conditions. Oxidative stability of the oils positively correlated with oleic acid content and negatively correlated with linoleic and linolenic acid contents. The lack of correlation in oxidative stability with tocopherol and polyphenol contents suggests that improvement in oxidative stability of roasted oils could have been caused by antioxidative Maillard reaction products or inactivation of oil degrading enzymes. In addition, oils produced from husked seeds had significantly higher linoleic acid, triacylglycerols (TAG) containing mainly linoleic acid (LLL, OLL and PLL), tocopherol and phenol contents while oleic acid and TAG containing mainly oleic acid (LOO and OOO) contents and oxidative stability were lower. Principal component analysis (PCA) of the analytical data confirmed the observed differences between oils from two varieties and three production processes.
Plant parasitic nematodes are the most destructive group of plant pathogens worldwide and their control is extremely challenging. Plant Essential oils (EOs) and their constituents have a great potential in nematode control since they can be developed for use as nematicides themselves or can ... more
For over a century, ulcer has been a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Its treatment has progressed from vagotomy to proton pump inhibitors. However, the drugs used produce many adverse effects and are less effective than they ought to be. Therefore, there is a growing interest in alt ... more
Endophytic fungi are ubiquitous organisms found in the plants, residing intercellular or intracellular, at least for a portion of their lives without causing apparent symptoms of infection. Almost all plants are known to harbor endophytes. The choice of the plant to be used for exploring en ... more
Physicists describe how they have synthesized a new material that belongs to the iron-selenide class of superconductors, called LixFe2Se2(NH3)y, in a paper about to be published in EPJ B. The work was carried out by Ernst-Wilhelm Scheidt from the University of Augsburg and colleagues. This ... more
The U.S. federal government is significantly underestimating the costs of carbon pollution because it is using a faulty analytical model, according to a new study published in the Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences. A more appropriate accounting of costs would pave the way to cle ... more
Springer advisory board member Vladimir V. Dmitriev, along with fellow scientists Yuriy M. Bunkov and Igor A. Fomin, have been named winners of the 2008 Fritz London Memorial Prize for their discovery and understanding of the "Phase Coherent Spin Precession and Spin Superfluidity of 3He-B." ... more