The particle size effect on torrefaction of pine particles and formation of torrefied pellets has been studied in a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA) and a tubular fixed bed reactor. The fixed bed reactor was also used to produce torrefied samples for a single-die press unit for the densification test. Both the TGA and fixed bed reactor torrefaction test results showed that the torrefaction rate was affected by the particle size, especially at high temperatures. Although the temperature gradient inside particles smaller than 1 mm is very small during torrefaction, the internal diffusion of generated vapors inside particles imposes an impact on the global torrefaction reaction rate. The hard core or nonshrinkage particle model with a first order torrefaction reaction can predict the reaction data reasonably well, with the data-fitted effective vapor diffusivity coefficient. The densification tests showed that more energy was required to make pellets from larger torrefied particles, while the water uptake an...
The two enantiomers of 2-(2-hydroxybiphenyl-4-yl)propanoic acid ((S)- and (R)-BPOH) have been selected as probes for human serum albumin (HSA). Photophysical characterization in the absence of protein led to emission maxima, singlet energies, quantum yields, and fluorescence lifetime values ... more
The photodissociation of H2O in its B band is a prototype for nonadiabatic reaction dynamics. In addition to dissociation via the adiabatic pathway to the OH(Ã2Σ+) + H fragments, it also produces the OH(X̃2Π) + H fragments through two nonadiabatic pathways: the B̃ → X̃ transition via two co ... more
Due to the widespread occurrence in the environment and potential risk toward organisms of fluoroquinolones (FQs), it is of importance to develop high efficient methods for assessing their occurrence and environmental risk. A monoclonal antibody (Mab) with broad cross-reactivity to FQs was ... more
Rohm and Haas Powder Coatings is delighted to announce that its Reading, Pennsylvania, facility is the first site in the world to receive the RCMS® Site Certification awarded by the American Chemical Council (ACC).
When Raj Gupta, Chairman and CEO of Rohm and Haas Company, became Chairman ... more