Hyperspectral scattering image technology is an effective method for nondestructive measurement of internal qualities of agricultural products. However, hyperspectral scattering images contain a large number of redundant data that affect the detection performance and efficiency. A new semi-supervised affinity propagation (AP) (NSAP) algorithm coupled with partial least square regression was proposed to select the feature wavelengths from the hyperspectral scattering profiles of “Golden Delicious” apples for predicting apple firmness and soluble solid content (SSC). Six hundred apples were analyzed in the experiment, 400 of which were used for the calibration model and the remaining 200 apples were used for the prediction model. Compared with full wavelengths, the number of effective wavelengths for apple firmness and SSC prediction selected by NSAP, respectively, decreased to 28 and 40 %. The root mean square error of prediction decreased from 6.6 to 6.1 N and from 0.66 to 0.63 %, respectively, whereas the correlation coefficient increased from 0.840 to 0.862 and from 0.876 to 0.890, respectively. Better prediction accuracy was achieved by the prediction model using selected wavelengths by NSAP than that by traditional AP, SAP, and genetic algorithm. The NSAP approach provided an effective means of wavelength selection using hyperspectral scattering image technique.
Plant parasitic nematodes are the most destructive group of plant pathogens worldwide and their control is extremely challenging. Plant Essential oils (EOs) and their constituents have a great potential in nematode control since they can be developed for use as nematicides themselves or can ... more
For over a century, ulcer has been a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Its treatment has progressed from vagotomy to proton pump inhibitors. However, the drugs used produce many adverse effects and are less effective than they ought to be. Therefore, there is a growing interest in alt ... more
Endophytic fungi are ubiquitous organisms found in the plants, residing intercellular or intracellular, at least for a portion of their lives without causing apparent symptoms of infection. Almost all plants are known to harbor endophytes. The choice of the plant to be used for exploring en ... more
Physicists describe how they have synthesized a new material that belongs to the iron-selenide class of superconductors, called LixFe2Se2(NH3)y, in a paper about to be published in EPJ B. The work was carried out by Ernst-Wilhelm Scheidt from the University of Augsburg and colleagues. This ... more
The U.S. federal government is significantly underestimating the costs of carbon pollution because it is using a faulty analytical model, according to a new study published in the Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences. A more appropriate accounting of costs would pave the way to cle ... more
Springer advisory board member Vladimir V. Dmitriev, along with fellow scientists Yuriy M. Bunkov and Igor A. Fomin, have been named winners of the 2008 Fritz London Memorial Prize for their discovery and understanding of the "Phase Coherent Spin Precession and Spin Superfluidity of 3He-B." ... more