The comb-like ionenes with aliphatic side chains were prepared and blended with a low density polyethylene (LDPE) for enhancing the antistatic and antimicrobial properties. The resulting blends were well characterized, particularly based on the surface resistivity (ρs) which revealed the antistatic properties of LDPE/ionene blends. The results showed that the values of ρs decreased 1–5 orders of magnitude after the ionenes were added. Various influencing factors on ρs, including ionene structures, ionene content, and humidity were investigated in detail. Furthermore, the surface and inner structures of resulting blends were characterized by ATR-FTIR and SEM along with water contact angle measurements. The antimicrobial activities of the ionenes and the blended sheets were assessed based on the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values against E. coli and the growth inhibition of E. coli determined by means of a membrane adhering-colony counting method. The results indicated that the ionene with 4-carbon side chains had the lowest MIC value (7.8 μg/mL) and the corresponding blend reached 99.9 % of growth inhibition.
Plant parasitic nematodes are the most destructive group of plant pathogens worldwide and their control is extremely challenging. Plant Essential oils (EOs) and their constituents have a great potential in nematode control since they can be developed for use as nematicides themselves or can ... more
For over a century, ulcer has been a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Its treatment has progressed from vagotomy to proton pump inhibitors. However, the drugs used produce many adverse effects and are less effective than they ought to be. Therefore, there is a growing interest in alt ... more
Endophytic fungi are ubiquitous organisms found in the plants, residing intercellular or intracellular, at least for a portion of their lives without causing apparent symptoms of infection. Almost all plants are known to harbor endophytes. The choice of the plant to be used for exploring en ... more
Physicists describe how they have synthesized a new material that belongs to the iron-selenide class of superconductors, called LixFe2Se2(NH3)y, in a paper about to be published in EPJ B. The work was carried out by Ernst-Wilhelm Scheidt from the University of Augsburg and colleagues. This ... more
The U.S. federal government is significantly underestimating the costs of carbon pollution because it is using a faulty analytical model, according to a new study published in the Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences. A more appropriate accounting of costs would pave the way to cle ... more
Springer advisory board member Vladimir V. Dmitriev, along with fellow scientists Yuriy M. Bunkov and Igor A. Fomin, have been named winners of the 2008 Fritz London Memorial Prize for their discovery and understanding of the "Phase Coherent Spin Precession and Spin Superfluidity of 3He-B." ... more