Dopant-Assisted Negative Photoionization Ion Mobility Spectrometry for Sensitive Detection of Explosives
Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) is a key trace detection technique for explosives and the development of a simple, stable, and efficient nonradioactive ionization source is highly demanded. A dopant-assisted negative photoionization (DANP) source has been developed for IMS, which uses a commercial VUV krypton lamp to ionize acetone as the source of electrons to produce negative reactant ions in air. With 20 ppm of acetone as the dopant, a stable current of reactant ions of 1.35 nA was achieved. The reactant ions were identified to be CO3–(H2O)n (K0 = 2.44 cm2 V–1 s–1) by atmospheric pressure time-of-flight mass spectrometry, while the reactant ions in 63Ni source were O2–(H2O)n (K0 = 2.30 cm2 V–1 s–1). Finally, its capabilities for detection of common explosives including ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO), 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), N-nitrobis(2-hydroxyethyl)amine dinitrate (DINA), and pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) were evaluated, and the limits of detection of 10 pg (ANFO), 80 pg (TNT), and 100 pg...
Shasha Cheng; Jian Dou; Weiguo Wang; Chuang Chen; Lei Hua; Qinghua Zhou; Keyong Hou; Jinghua Li; Haiyang Li
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