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9,595 Newest Publications in journal of agricultural and food chemistry

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Anthocyanin Management in Fruits by Fertilization

19-Jan-2018 | Mareike Jezek; Christian Zörb; Nikolaus Merkt; Christoph-Martin Geilfus, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2018

Anthocyanins are water-soluble vacuolar plant pigments that are mainly synthesized in epidermal layers and the flesh of fruits such as apples, cherries, grapes, and other berries. Because of their attractive red to purple coloration and their health-promoting potential, anthocyanins are ...

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Utilization of a Genome-Edited Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) with High Gamma Aminobutyric Acid Content in Hybrid Breeding

19-Jan-2018 | Jeongeun Lee; Satoko Nonaka; Mariko Takayama; Hiroshi Ezura, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2018

γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a nonproteogenic amino acid with health-promoting functions. Although tomato fruits have a relatively high GABA content compared with other crops, levels must be further increased to effectively confer the health-promoting functions. In this study, we evaluated the ...

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Veterinary Drugs in the Environment: Current Knowledge and Challenges for the Future

19-Jan-2018 | Gerd Hamscher; Ghada Bachour, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2018

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.7b05601

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An Efficient Strategy Based on Liquid–Liquid Extraction with Three-Phase Solvent System and High Speed Counter-Current Chromatography for Rapid Enrichment and Separation of Epimers of Minor Bufadienolide from Toad Meat

18-Jan-2018 | Denglang Zou; Xuelin Zhu; Fan Zhang; Yurong Du; Jianbin Ma; Renwang Jiang, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2018

This study presents an efficient strategy based on liquid–liquid extraction with three-phase solvent system and high speed counter-current chromatography for rapid enrichment and separation of epimers of minor bufadienolide from toad meat. The reflux extraction conditions were optimized by ...

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Characterization of the Structural and Colloidal Properties of α-Lactalbumin/Chitosan Complexes as a Function of Heating

18-Jan-2018 | Quanyang Li; Zhengtao Zhao, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2018

This research investigated the interaction between α-lactalbumin (α-la) and chitosan at different temperatures. Chitosan was added to α-la solution (5 g L–1) to achieve different α-la/chitosan ratios (8:1, 5:1, and 2:1), which were then subjected to different heating temperatures (20, 70, and 90 ...

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Evidence for the Initial Steps of DHA Biohydrogenation by Mixed Ruminal Microorganisms from Sheep Involves Formation of Conjugated Fatty Acids

18-Jan-2018 | Noelia Aldai; Pierluigi Delmonte; Susana P. Alves; Rui J. B. Bessa; John K. G. Kramer, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2018

Incubation of DHA with sheep rumen fluid resulted in 80% disappearance in 6 h. The products were analyzed as their fatty acid (FA) methyl esters by GC-FID on SP-2560 and SLB-IL111 columns. The GC-online reduction × GC and GC-MS techniques demonstrated that all DHA metabolites retained the C22 ...

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Immunomodulatory Activity of Docosahexenoic Acid on RAW264.7 Cells Activation through GPR120-Mediated Signaling Pathway

18-Jan-2018 | Lirong Han; Jun Yu; Yuanyuan Chen; Dai Cheng; Xu Wang; Chunling Wang, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2018

In this study, we elucidated the immunomodulatory activity of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on protein expression in RAW264.7 cells and its molecular mechanism. The results showed that the proliferation index of RAW264.7 cells at 48 h was about 173.03 ± 7.82% after the treatment of 2.4 μM DHA. DHA ...

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Whole Egg Consumption Exerts a Nephroprotective Effect in an Acute Rodent Model of Type 1 Diabetes

18-Jan-2018 | Cassondra J. Saande; Samantha K. Jones; Matthew J. Rowling; Kevin L. Schalinske, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2018

Nephropathy is a well-characterized complication of type 1 diabetes (T1D), resulting in proteinuria and urinary loss of micronutrients. We previously found that a whole egg-based diet maintained vitamin D balance in type 2 diabetic rats despite excessive urinary losses due to nephropathy. The ...

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Natural Organochlorines as Precursors of 3-Monochloropropanediol Esters in Vegetable Oils

18-Jan-2018 | Soon Huat Tiong; Norliza Saparin; Huey Fang Teh; Theresa Lee Mei Ng; Mohd Zairey bin Md. Zain; Bee Keat Neoh; Ahmadi ..., Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2018

During high-temperature refining of vegetable oils, 3-monochloropropanediol (3-MCPD) esters, possible carcinogens, are formed from acylglycerol in the presence of a chlorine source. To investigate organochlorine compounds in vegetable oils as possible precursors for 3-MCPD esters, we tested crude ...

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Food Bioactives and Their Effects on Obesity-Accelerated Inflammatory Bowel Disease

17-Jan-2018 | Yi-Siou Chiou; Pei-Sheng Lee; Min-Hsiung Pan, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2018

Current views support the concept that obesity is linked to a worsening of the course of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Gut microbiota and adipose tissue macrophage (ATM) are considered key mediators or contributors in obesity-associated intestinal inflammation. Dietary components can have ...

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