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516 Newest Publications in journal of physical chemistry a

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Cold-Surface Photochemistry of Selected Organic Nitrates

14-10-2014 | Daniel O’Sullivan; Ryan P. McLaughlin; Kevin C. Clemitshaw; John R. Sodeau, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2014

Reflection–absorption infrared (RAIR) spectroscopy has been used to explore the low temperature condensed-phase photochemistry of atmospherically relevant organic nitrates for the first time. Three alkyl nitrates, methyl, isopropyl, and isobutyl nitrate together with a peroxyacyl nitrate, ...

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Thermodynamics of Water Condensation on a Primary Marine Aerosol Coated by Surfactant Organic Molecules

09-10-2014 | Yuri S. Djikaev; Eli Ruckenstein, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2014

A large subset of primary marine aerosols can be initially (immediately upon formation) treated using an “inverted micelle” model. We study the thermodynamics of heterogeneous water condensation on such a marine aerosol. Its hydrophobic organic coating can be processed by chemical reactions with ...

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Role of Tunable Acid Catalysis in Decomposition of α-Hydroxyalkyl Hydroperoxides and Mechanistic Implications for Tropospheric Chemistry

02-10-2014 | Manoj Kumar; Daryle H. Busch; Bala Subramaniam; Ward H. Thompson, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2014

Electronic structure calculations have been used to investigate possible gas-phase decomposition pathways of α-hydroxyalkyl hydroperoxides (HHPs), an important source of tropospheric hydrogen peroxide and carbonyl compounds. The uncatalyzed as well as water- and acid-catalyzed decomposition of ...

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Aqueous Solvation of Hg(OH)2: Energetic and Dynamical Density Functional Theory Studies of the Hg(OH)2–(H2O)n (n = 1–24) Structures

10-09-2013 | J. I. Amaro-Estrada; L. Maron; A. Ramírez-Solís, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2013

A systematic study of the hydration of Hg(OH)2 by the stepwise solvation approach is reported. The optimized structures, solvation energies, and incremental free energies of 1–24 water molecules interacting with the solute have been computed at the B3PW91 level using 6-31G(d,p) basis sets for the ...

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Dehydration Rate Measurements for tertiary-Butanol in a Variable Pressure Flow Reactor

06-09-2013 | Joshua S. Heyne; Stephen Dooley; Frederick L. Dryer, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2013

Fundamentally, the dehydration reaction of tertiary-butanol is frequently used as an internal standard for relative rate studies of other decomposition reactions. We report here a study using radical trappers to isolate this path in tertiary-butanol pyrolysis experiments conducted in the ...

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Density Functional Theory Study of the Complexation of the Uranyl Dication with Anionic Phosphate Ligands with and without Water Molecules

04-09-2013 | Virgil E. Jackson; Keith E. Gutowski; David A. Dixon, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2013

The structures, vibrational frequencies and energetics of anhydrous and hydrated complexes of UO22+ with the phosphate anions H2PO4–, HPO42–, and PO43– were predicted at the density functional theory (DFT) and MP2 molecular orbital theory levels as isolated gas phase species and in aqueous ...

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Phase Transitions and Phase Miscibility of Mixed Particles of Ammonium Sulfate, Toluene-Derived Secondary Organic Material, and Water

03-09-2013 | Mackenzie L. Smith; Yuan You; Mikinori Kuwata; Allan K. Bertram; Scot T. Martin, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2013

The phase states of atmospheric particles influence their roles in physicochemical processes related to air quality and climate. The phases of particles containing secondary organic materials (SOMs) are still uncertain, especially for SOMs produced from aromatic precursor gases. In this work, ...

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Heterogeneous Rate Constants for Indium Mediated Allylations: Cinnamyl Chloride in Ethanol/Water Mixtures

30-08-2013 | Alexa N. Hill; Katherine M. Delaney; Tessa R. Sullivan; Gabriella Mylod; Katrina H. Kiesow; Walter J. Bowyer, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2013

Indium mediated allylation (IMA) offers a powerful tool to synthetic chemists for creating carbon–carbon bonds. However, its rate limiting step, the heterogeneous reaction of allyl halides at solid indium surfaces, is still poorly understood. For example, solvent effects, especially the presence ...

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Absorption Cross Sections of Surface-Adsorbed H2O in the 295–370 nm Region and Heterogeneous Nucleation of H2O on Fused Silica Surfaces

27-08-2013 | Juan Du; Li Huang; Lei Zhu, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2013

We have determined absorption cross sections of a monolayer of H2O adsorbed on the fused silica surfaces in the 295–370 nm region at 293 ± 1 K by using Brewster angle cavity ring-down spectroscopy. Absorption cross sections of surface-adsorbed H2O vary between (4.66 ± 0.83) × 10–20 and (1.73 ± ...

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Rotationally-Resolved Spectroscopy of the Donor Bending Mode of (D2O)2

27-08-2013 | Jacob T. Stewart; Benjamin J. McCall, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2013

High-resolution spectra of the intramolecular bending modes of deuterated water dimer, (D2O)2, have been measured using a quantum cascade laser based cavity ringdown spectrometer. Two perpendicular bands have been observed and are assigned as the Ka = 1 ← 0 and Ka = 2 ← 1 bands of the bending ...

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