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18,026 Newest Publications in proceedings of the national academy of sciences current issue

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matching the following criteria

Core Concept: Ecosystem services [Core Concepts]

16-Jun-2015 | Amy West, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2015

If one were to build a healthy biosphere from scratch on another planet, what kinds of ecosystems and combinations of species would be necessary to support humans? This is the thought experiment that ecologist Gretchen Daily, a Bing professor at Stanford University, poses to illustrate the ...

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Body composition in Pan paniscus compared with Homo sapiens has implications for changes during human evolution [Anthropology]

16-Jun-2015 | Adrienne L. Zihlman; Debra R. Bolter, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2015

The human body has been shaped by natural selection during the past 4–5 million years. Fossils preserve bones and teeth but lack muscle, skin, fat, and organs. To understand the evolution of the human form, information about both soft and hard tissues of our ancestors is needed. Our closest ...

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QnAs with Jane Lubchenco [QnAs]

16-Jun-2015 | Paul Gabrielsen, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2015

As the first marine ecologist to serve as administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), from 2009 to 2013, Jane Lubchenco found that communicating in the political atmosphere of Washington, DC often required the same attention to subtle cues and environmental ...

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Impacts of conservation and human development policy across stakeholders and scales [Sustainability Science]

16-Jun-2015 | Cong Li; Hua Zheng; Shuzhuo Li; Xiaoshu Chen; Jie Li; Weihong Zeng; Yicheng Liang; Stephen Polasky; Marcus W. Feldma ..., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2015

Ideally, both ecosystem service and human development policies should improve human well-being through the conservation of ecosystems that provide valuable services. However, program costs and benefits to multiple stakeholders, and how they change through time, are rarely carefully analyzed. We ...

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Asymptomatic spread of huanglongbing and implications for disease control [Plant Biology]

16-Jun-2015 | Jo Ann Lee; Susan E. Halbert; William O. Dawson; Cecile J. Robertson; James E. Keesling; Burton H. Singer, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2015

Huanglongbing (HLB) is a bacterial infection of citrus trees transmitted by the Asian citrus psyllid Diaphorina citri. Mitigation of HLB has focused on spraying of insecticides to reduce the psyllid population and removal of trees when they first show symptoms of the disease. These interventions ...

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Embedding ecosystem services in coastal planning leads to better outcomes for people and nature [Sustainability Science]

16-Jun-2015 | Katie K. Arkema; Gregory M. Verutes; Spencer A. Wood; Chantalle Clarke-Samuels; Samir Rosado; Maritza Canto; Amy Ros ..., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2015

Recent calls for ocean planning envision informed management of social and ecological systems to sustain delivery of ecosystem services to people. However, until now, no coastal and marine planning process has applied an ecosystem-services framework to understand how human activities affect the ...

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Group discussion improves lie detection [Psychological and Cognitive Sciences]

16-Jun-2015 | Nadav Klein; Nicholas Epley, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2015

Groups of individuals can sometimes make more accurate judgments than the average individual could make alone. We tested whether this group advantage extends to lie detection, an exceptionally challenging judgment with accuracy rates rarely exceeding chance. In four experiments, we find that ...

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Algorithmic lattice kirigami: A route to pluripotent materials [Physics]

16-Jun-2015 | Daniel M. Sussman; Yigil Cho; Toen Castle; Xingting Gong; Euiyeon Jung; Shu Yang; Randall D. Kamien, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2015

We use a regular arrangement of kirigami elements to demonstrate an inverse design paradigm for folding a flat surface into complex target configurations. We first present a scheme using arrays of disclination defect pairs on the dual to the honeycomb lattice; by arranging these defect pairs ...

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Correction for Thavandiran et al., Design and formulation of functional pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiac microtissues [Correction]

16-Jun-2015 | Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2015

APPLIED BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES Correction for “Design and formulation of functional pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiac microtissues,” by Nimalan Thavandiran, Nicole Dubois, Alexander Mikryukov, Stéphane Massé, Bogdan Beca, Craig A. Simmons, Vikram S. Deshpande, J. Patrick McGarry, Christopher S. ...

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An estimate of the number of tropical tree species [Environmental Sciences]

16-Jun-2015 | J. W. Ferry Slik; Víctor Arroyo-Rodríguez; Shin-Ichiro Aiba; Patricia Alvarez-Loayza; Luciana F. Alves; Peter Ashton ..., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2015

The high species richness of tropical forests has long been recognized, yet there remains substantial uncertainty regarding the actual number of tropical tree species. Using a pantropical tree inventory database from closed canopy forests, consisting of 657,630 trees belonging to 11,371 species, ...

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