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466 Newest Publications in proceedings of the national academy of sciences current issue

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Enterovirus D68 receptor requirements unveiled by haploid genetics [Microbiology]

02-Feb-2016 | Jim Baggen; Hendrik Jan Thibaut; Jacqueline Staring; Lucas T. Jae; Yue Liu; Hongbo Guo; Jasper J. Slager; Jost W. de ..., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2016

Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is an emerging pathogen that can cause severe respiratory disease and is associated with cases of paralysis, especially among children. Heretofore, information on host factor requirements for EV-D68 infection is scarce. Haploid genetic screening is a powerful tool to ...

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Genomic incompatibilities in the diploid and tetraploid offspring of the goldfish x common carp cross [Genetics]

02-Feb-2016 | Shaojun Liu; Jing Luo; Jing Chai; Li Ren; Yi Zhou; Feng Huang; Xiaochuan Liu; Yubao Chen; Chun Zhang; Min Tao; Bin L ..., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2016

Polyploidy is much rarer in animals than in plants but it is not known why. The outcome of combining two genomes in vertebrates remains unpredictable, especially because polyploidization seldom shows positive effects and more often results in lethal consequences because viable gametes fail to ...

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Testing the kinship theory of intragenomic conflict in honey bees (Apis mellifera) [Genetics]

26-Jan-2016 | David A. Galbraith; Sarah D. Kocher; Tom Glenn; Istvan Albert; Greg J. Hunt; Joan E. Strassmann; David C. Queller; C ..., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2016

Sexual reproduction brings genes from two parents (matrigenes and patrigenes) together into one individual. These genes, despite being unrelated, should show nearly perfect cooperation because each gains equally through the production of offspring. However, an individual’s matrigenes and ...

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Correction for Chen et al., Genome sequence of the Asian Tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, reveals insights into its biology, genetics, and evolution [Correction]

26-Jan-2016 | Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2016

APPLIED BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES Correction for “Genome sequence of the Asian Tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, reveals insights into its biology, genetics, and evolution,” by Xiao-Guang Chen, Xuanting Jiang, Jinbao Gu, Meng Xu, Yang Wu, Yuhua Deng, Chi Zhang, Mariangela Bonizzoni, Wannes Dermauw, ...

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Patterns of deleterious variation between human populations reveal an unbalanced load [Genetics]

26-Jan-2016 | Rajiv C. McCoy; Joshua M. Akey, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2016

Each human individual carries ∼30–60 de novo mutations that arose in the germ line of his or her parents (1). At the population level, the result is a massive influx of new mutations every generation, whose evolutionary trajectory is shaped by the joint effects of stochastic and deterministic ...

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Reply to Underdown and Oppenheimer: Roles of selection, plasticity, and genetics in the integration of human pelvis shape and head size [Biological Sciences]

19-Jan-2016 | Barbara Fischer; Philipp Mitteroecker, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2016

In our paper (1) we report on a previously unknown association between human pelvis shape, head size, and stature that appears to ameliorate—but in no way resolve—the obstetric dilemma. In an interesting response to this article, Underdown and Oppenheimer (2) emphasize that “one must explicitly ...

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Chromosome position determines the success of double-strand break repair [Genetics]

12-Jan-2016 | Cheng-Sheng Lee; Ruoxi W. Wang; Hsiao-Han Chang; Daniel Capurso; Mark R. Segal; James E. Haber, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2016

Repair of a chromosomal double-strand break (DSB) by gene conversion depends on the ability of the broken ends to encounter a donor sequence. To understand how chromosomal location of a target sequence affects DSB repair, we took advantage of genome-wide Hi-C analysis of yeast chromosomes to ...

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Prevalence, genetics, and transmissibility in ferrets of Eurasian avian-like H1N1 swine influenza viruses [Microbiology]

12-Jan-2016 | Huanliang Yang; Yan Chen; Chuanling Qiao; Xijun He; Hong Zhou; Yu Sun; Hang Yin; Shasha Meng; Liping Liu; Qianyi Zha ..., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2016

Pigs are important intermediate hosts for generating novel influenza viruses. The Eurasian avian-like H1N1 (EAH1N1) swine influenza viruses (SIVs) have circulated in pigs since 1979, and human cases associated with EAH1N1 SIVs have been reported in several countries. However, the biologic ...

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A second transmissible cancer in Tasmanian devils [Genetics]

12-Jan-2016 | Ruth J. Pye; David Pemberton; Cesar Tovar; Jose M. C. Tubio; Karen A. Dun; Samantha Fox; Jocelyn Darby; Dane Hayes; ..., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2016

Clonally transmissible cancers are somatic cell lineages that are spread between individuals via the transfer of living cancer cells. There are only three known naturally occurring transmissible cancers, and these affect dogs, soft-shell clams, and Tasmanian devils, respectively. The Tasmanian ...

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Neolithic and Bronze Age migration to Ireland and establishment of the insular Atlantic genome [Genetics]

12-Jan-2016 | Lara M. Cassidy; Rui Martiniano; Eileen M. Murphy; Matthew D. Teasdale; James Mallory; Barrie Hartwell; Daniel G. Br ..., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2016

The Neolithic and Bronze Age transitions were profound cultural shifts catalyzed in parts of Europe by migrations, first of early farmers from the Near East and then Bronze Age herders from the Pontic Steppe. However, a decades-long, unresolved controversy is whether population change or cultural ...

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