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648 Newest Publications in propellants, explosives, pyrotechnics


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An Improved Process Towards Hexahydro‐1,3,5‐trinitroso‐1,3,5‐triazine (TNX)

13-Jan-2017 | Sarah A. Rothstein, Pascal Dubé, Stephen R. Anderson, Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, 2017

Abstract Hexahydro‐1,3,5‐trinitroso‐1,3,5‐triazine (TNX) is mostly known as a by‐product in the environmental decomposition of RDX. The original chemistry to TNX was never optimized and thus resulted in low yields due to competitive degradation of the starting material. Enabled conditions to ...


Nanocomposite Thermites with Calcium Iodate Oxidizer

04-Jan-2017 | Song Wang, Xinhang Liu, Mirko Schoenitz, Edward L. Dreizin, Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, 2017

Abstract Iodine bearing reactive materials and fuel additives are being developed to inactivate harmful aerosolized spores and bacteria by combined thermal and chemical effects. Nanocomposite thermites with aluminum and boron serving as fuels and calcium iodate as an oxidizer were prepared by ...


Evaluation of 4‐(Dimethylsilyl) Butyl Ferrocene Grafted HTPB as a Burning Rate Modifier in Composite Propellant Formulation using Bicurative System

03-Jan-2017 | Ramesh Kurva, Garima Gupta, Kashinath I. Dhabbe, Lalita S. Jawale, Prasanth S. Kulkarni, Mehilal Maurya, Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, 2017

Abstract High burning rate composite propellants are achieved by incorporation of fine particles of oxidizer, transition metal oxides, and liquid ballistic modifiers. However, they pose processing problems, inertness to the composition and migration related issues. To overcome such problems, ...


Nanothermite/RDX‐Based Miniature Device for Impact Ignition of High Explosives

03-Jan-2017 | Ludovic Glavier, Andrea Nicollet, Fabien Jouot, Bernard Martin, Jeremy Barberon, Laurent Renaud, Carole Rossi, Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, 2017

Abstract A miniature rocket device integrating nanothermite and RDX is presented for shock initiation of high explosive application. This Ø 2.5 mm device consists in several assembled and screwed parts: a pyroMEMS chip with a Al/CuO multilayers on it to ignite within less than 100 μs a few ...


Assessment of Physico‐Thermal Properties, Combustion Performance, and Ignition Delay Time of Dimethyl Amino Ethanol as a Novel Liquid Fuel

03-Jan-2017 | Shahram G. Pakdehi, Mohammad Hossein Keshavarz, Maryam Akbari, Mostafa Ghorbani, Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, 2017

Abstract Dimethyl amino ethanol (DMAE) contains both hydroxyl and amino functional groups, which may be introduced as a new liquid fuel with high safety and less toxicity with respect to common high performance liquid fuels. Physico‐thermal properties, combustion performance and ignition delay ...


Thermochemistry of Evaporation and Sublimation of 2,4,6‐Triazido‐1,3,5‐triazine

23-Dec-2016 | Boris L. Korsunskiy, Vadim V. Nedel'ko, Viktor V. Zakharov, Nikita V. Chukanov, Alexandr D. Chervonnyi, Tatiana S. L ..., Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, 2016

Abstract Saturated vapor pressure over cyanuric triazide melt was measured in the temperature range 393.15–453.15K using glass membrane Bourdon pressure gauges. Measured evaporation heat and evaporation entropy are equal to 61.1±3.3kJmol–1 and 111.3±6.1Jmol–1K–1, respectively. According ...


Isocyanate‐Free Curing of Glycidyl Azide Polymer with Bis‐propargylhydroquinone

23-Dec-2016 | Sanjeevani Sonawane, M. Anniyappan, Javaid Athar, Avtar Singh, M. B. Talawar, R. K. Sinha, Shaibal Banerjee, A. K. S ..., Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, 2016

Abstract Bis‐propargylhydroquinone (BPHQ) is an alkyne functionalized isocyanate‐free curing agent for hydroxyl terminated azido polymers. Conventionally, glycidyl azide polymer (GAP) is cured by isocyanate based curatives, which are toxic and hygroscopic in nature. The reaction between ...


The REACH Impact on Gun Propellant Formulations

23-Dec-2016 | Jutta Böhnlein‐Mauß, Hartmut Kröber, Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, 2016

Abstract REACH is the abbreviation for Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation, and Restriction of Chemicals. It is a regulation of the European Union, adopted to improve the protection of human health and the environment from the risks that can be posed by chemicals, while enhancing the ...


Acute Toxicity Resulting from Human Exposures to Military Smokes

21-Dec-2016 | Monique van Hulst, Jan P. Langenberg, Wim P. C. de Klerk, Marcel J. Alblas, Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, 2016

Abstract The toxicity of smoke‐generating ammunition can be established by looking at the complete hand grenade or only at the smoke composition. In this paper both approaches are described. The toxicity of a signalling smoke was assessed as a complete smoke hand grenade whereas for a 76mm ...


Comparison of Commercially Available and Synthesized Titania Nano‐Additives in Composite HTPB/AP Propellant

20-Dec-2016 | Andrew R. Demko, Tyler W. Allen, James C. Thomas, Mitch Johnson, Gordon R. Morrow, David L. Reid, Sudipta Seal, Eric ..., Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, 2016

Abstract This study presents a comparison of commercially available titania nano‐particles produced using electric wire explosion with nano‐particles manufactured by the authors using a sol‐gel synthesis process. For the present study, 20‐nm titania was purchased off‐the‐shelf. It was ...


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