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1,249 Newest Publications of Oxford University Press

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Unraveling the fine-tuned lemon coloration of a pierid butterfly Catopsilia pomona

28-Sep-2017 | Mishra M, Choudhury A, Achary P, et al., Journal of Electron Microscopy, 2017

Abstract Butterflies wings possess different types of scales to perform diverse functions. Each scale has many nano and microstructures, which interferes with light, resulting in unique coloration for each butterfly. Besides coloration, the arrangement of scales further helps in giving better ...

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Structure of an innexin gap junction channel and cryo-EM sample preparation

21-Sep-2017 | Oshima A., Journal of Electron Microscopy, 2017

Abstract Gap junction channels are essential for mediating intercellular communication in most multicellular organisms. Two gene families encode gap junction channels, innexin and connexin. Although the sequence similarity between these two families based on bioinformatics is not conclusively ...

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Genetic Labeling of Car4-expressing Cells Reveals Subpopulations of Type III Taste Cells

05-Aug-2017 | Lossow K, Hermans-Borgmeyer I, Behrens M, et al., Chemical Senses, 2017

Abstract Carbonic anhydrases form an enzyme family of 16 members, which reversibly catalyze the hydration of carbon dioxide to bicarbonate and protons. In lung, kidney, and brain, presence of carbonic anhydrases is associated with protons and bicarbonate transport in capillary endothelium of ...

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Thermodynamic analyses of amino acid residues at the interface of an antibody B2212A and its antigen roundabout homolog 1

03-Aug-2017 | Yui A, Akiba H, Kudo S, et al., Journal of Biochemistry, 2017

Abstract Artificial affinity maturation of antibodies is promising but often shows difficulties because the roles of each amino acid residue are not well known. To elucidate their roles in affinity against the antigen and thermal stability, interface residues in single-chain Fv of an antibody ...

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Formation of metastable phases in Zr-ion-irradiated Al2O3 upon thermal annealing

28-Jul-2017 | Oka N, Ishimaru M, Tane M, et al., Journal of Electron Microscopy, 2017

Abstract Formation of metastable phases in Zr-ion-irradiated corundum alumina (Al2O3) upon thermal annealing was examined using transmission electron microscopy. A metastable cubic spinel phase was formed in the topmost layer of the as-irradiated microstructure. During thermal annealing at ...

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Pungency Evaluation of Hydroxyl-Sanshool Compounds After Dissolution in Taste Carriers Per Time-Related Characteristics

05-Jul-2017 | Zhang L, Shi B, Wang H, et al., Chemical Senses, 2017

Abstract This study was conducted to investigate the sensory characteristics and temporal migration of hydroxyl-sanshool compounds at slight and moderate concentrations after dissolution in ethanol–water, saccharose, NaCl, and MSG via 2-AFC, time intensity (TI) and temporal dominance of ...

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Atomic and nanoscale imaging of a cellulose nanofiber and Pd nanoparticles composite using lower-voltage high-resolution TEM

27-Jun-2017 | Ohwada M, Mizukoshi Y, Shimokawa T, et al., Journal of Electron Microscopy, 2017

Abstract We have examined the advanced application of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) for the structural characterization of a composite of cellulose nanofiber (CNF) and palladium (Pd) nanoparticles. In the present study, we focused on electron-irradiation damage and optimization of ...

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Regulation of immune and neural function via leukocyte Ig-like receptors

22-Jun-2017 | Takeda K, Nakamura A., Journal of Biochemistry, 2017

Abstract Leukocyte Ig-like receptors (LILRs)/Ig-like transcripts (ILTs) are expressed on innate and adaptive immune cells and maintain immune homeostasis. LILRs consist of activating and inhibitory-type receptors that regulate adequate cellular functions. LILRs were firstly identified as MHC ...

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Corrigendum

21-Jun-2017 | Chemical Senses, 2017

Sampling the body odour of primates: cotton swabs sample semi-volatiles rather than volatiles

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Recognition of the Component Odors in Mixtures

21-Jun-2017 | Frank M, Fletcher D, Hettinger T., Chemical Senses, 2017

Abstract Natural olfactory stimuli are volatile-chemical mixtures in which relative perceptual saliencies determine which odor-components are identified. Odor identification also depends on rapid selective adaptation, as shown for 4 odor stimuli in an earlier experimental simulation of natural ...

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