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1,730 Newest Publications of Portland Press

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Cinderella finds her shoe: the first Vps34 inhibitor uncovers a new PI3K-AGC protein kinase connection

01-12-2014 | Bilanges B; Vanhaesebroeck B, Biochemical Journal, 2014

Class II/III PI3Ks (phosphoinositide 3-kinases) produce the PtdIns(3)P lipid that is involved in intracellular vesicular trafficking. In contrast with class I PI3Ks, the potential signalling roles of class II/III PI3Ks are poorly understood. In a recent article in the Biochemical Journal, Bago ...

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The crystal structure of the RhoA-AKAP-Lbc DH-PH domain complex

01-12-2014 | Abdul Azeez KR; Knapp S; Fernandes JMP; Klussmann E; Elkins JM, Biochemical Journal, 2014

The RhoGEF (Rho GTPase guanine-nucleotide-exchange factor) domain of AKAP-Lbc (A-kinase-anchoring protein-Lbc, also known as AKAP13) catalyses nucleotide exchange on RhoA and is involved in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. The RhoGEF activity of AKAP-Lbc has also been implicated in cancer. ...

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The RED light is on! New tools for monitoring Ca2+ dynamics in the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria

15-11-2014 | Marchi S; Pinton P, Biochemical Journal, 2014

In this issue of the Biochemical Journal, Wu et al. describe the characterization of new low-affinity Ca2+ indicators for monitoring Ca2+ levels in both the ER (endoplasmic reticulum) and mitochondria. In contrast with other ER Ca2+ sensors, these indicators emit in the red part of the spectrum, ...

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The structure of lipoyl synthase, a remarkable enzyme that performs the last step of an extraordinary biosynthetic pathway

15-11-2014 | Cronan JE, Biochemical Journal, 2014

Lipoic acid is assembled on its cognate proteins (e.g. the E2 subunit of pyruvate dehydrogenase). An octanoyl moiety is transferred from the octanoyl-ACP of fatty acid synthetase to a specific lysine residue of the cognate protein followed by sulfur insertion at C6 and C8 of the octanoyl chain. ...

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Fe65 Ser{Less than}sup{Greater than}228{Less than}/sup{Greater than} is Phosphorylated by ATM/ATR and Inhibits Fe65-APP-Mediated Gene Transcription

14-11-2014 | Jowsey P; Blain P, Biochemical Journal, 2014

Fe65 binds the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and regulates the secretase-mediated processing of APP into several proteolytic fragments, including the amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides and APP intracellular domain (AICD). Aβ accumulation in neural plaques is a pathological feature of Alzheimer’s disease ...

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Structure-Dynamic Determinants Governing a Mode of Regulatory Response and Propagation of Allosteric Signal in Splice Variants of Na{Less than}sup{Greater than}{+}{Less than}/sup{Greater than}/Ca{Less than}sup{Greater than}2{+}{Less than}/sup{Greater than} Exchange (NCX) Proteins

12-11-2014 | Giladi M; Lee S; Hiller R; Chung K; Khananshvili D, Biochemical Journal, 2014

The Ca2+-dependent allosteric regulation of Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) proteins represents Ca2+ interaction with the cytosolic domains, CBD1 and CBD2, which is associated either with activation, inhibition or no response to regulatory Ca2+ in a given splice variant. CBD1 contains a high affinity ...

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Characterization of excitation-contraction coupling components in human extraocular muscles

11-11-2014 | Sekulic-Jablanovic M; Palmowski-Wolfe A; Zorzato F; Treves S, Biochemical Journal, 2014

Excitation-contraction coupling is the physiological mechanism whereby an electrical signal detected by the dihydropyridine receptor, is converted into an increase in [Ca2+], via activation of ryanodine receptors. Mutations in RYR1, the gene encoding ryanodine receptor 1, are the underlying cause ...

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C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) contributes to hepatocyte death via the promotion of ERO1{alpha} signaling in acute liver failure

11-11-2014 | Rao J; Zhang C; Wang P; Lu L; Qian X; Qin J; Pan X; Li G; Wang X; Zhang F, Biochemical Journal, 2014

C/EBP Homologous Protein (CHOP) has been shown to be a key molecule in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis. ERO1α, a target of CHOP, is an important oxidizing enzyme to regulate ROS, which play a prominent role in hepatocellular death during acute liver failure (ALF). However, ...

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Epithelial MUC1/Muc1 Promotes Cell migration, Reduces Apoptosis and Affects Levels of Mucosal Modulators During Acetylsalicylic Acid (Aspirin) Induced Gastropathy.{Less than}i{Greater than}{Less than}/i{Greater than}

11-11-2014 | Banerjee D; Fernandez H; Patil P; Premaratne P; Quiding-J{a}rbrink M; Lind{e}n S, Biochemical Journal, 2014

MUC1 is a transmembrane mucin highly expressed in the stomach. While extensive research has uncovered many of its roles in cancer, knowledge about the functions of MUC1 in normal tissues is limited. Here we showed that acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin, ASA) upregulated MUC1/Muc1 expression in the ...

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Gremlin1 preferentially binds to Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 (BMP-2) and BMP-4 over BMP-7

07-11-2014 | Church R; Krishnakumar A; Urbanek A; Geschwindner S; Meneely J; Bianchi A; Basta B; Monaghan S; Elliott C; Stromsted ..., Biochemical Journal, 2014

Gremlin (Grem1) is a member of the DAN family of secreted bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) antagonists. Bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) mediates protective effects during renal fibrosis-associated with diabetes and other renal diseases. The pathogenic mechanism of Grem1 during DN has been ...

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