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1,870 Newest Publications of Portland Press

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Regulation of IGFBP-2 expression during fasting

01-May-2015 | Kang HS; Kim M-Y; Kim S-J; Lee J-H; Kim Y-D; Seo Y-K; Bae J-H; Oh G-T; Song D-K; Ahn Y-H; Im S-S, Biochemical Journal, 2015

Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein-2 (IGFBP-2), one of the most abundant circulating IGFBPs, is known to attenuate the biological action of IGF-1. Although the effect of IGFBP-2 in preventing metabolic disorders is well known, its regulatory mechanism remains unclear. In the present ...

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Targeting Cullin-RING E3 ubiquitin ligases for drug discovery: structure, assembly and small-molecule modulation

01-May-2015 | Bulatov E; Ciulli A, Biochemical Journal, 2015

In the last decade, the ubiquitin-proteasome system has emerged as a valid target for the development of novel therapeutics. E3 ubiquitin ligases are particularly attractive targets because they confer substrate specificity on the ubiquitin system. CRLs [Cullin-RING (really interesting new gene) ...

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Proteomic approaches to identify substrates of the three Deg/HtrA proteases of the cyanobacterium {Less than}i{Greater than}Synechocystis{Less than}/i{Greater than} sp. PCC 6803

16-Apr-2015 | Tam L; Aigner H; Timmerman E; Gevaert K; Funk C, Biochemical Journal, 2015

The family of Deg/HtrA proteases plays an important role in quality control of cellular proteins in a wide range of organisms. In the genome of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, a model organism for photosynthetic research and renewable energy products, three Deg proteases are ...

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Development of a new model system to dissect isoform specific Akt signaling in adipocytes

09-Apr-2015 | Kajno E; McGraw T; Gonzalez E, Biochemical Journal, 2015

Akt kinases are critical signal transducers mediating insulin action. Genetic studies revealed that Akt1 and Akt2 signaling differentially contribute to sustain lipid and glucose homeostasis; howeverAkt isoform-specific effectors remain elusive due to the lack of a suitable model system to ...

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Cofactor specificity motifs and the induced fit mechanism in Class I ketol-acid reductoisomerases

07-Apr-2015 | Cahn J; Brinkmann-Chen S; Spatzal T; Wiig J; Buller A; Einsle O; Hu Y; Ribbe M; Arnold F, Biochemical Journal, 2015

Although most sequenced members of the industrially important ketol-acid reductoisomerase (KARI) family are Class I enzymes, structural studies to date have focused primarily on the Class II KARIs, which arose through domain duplication. Here, we present five new crystal structures of Class I ...

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Novel reactivity of Fhit proteins: catalysts for fluorolysis of nucleoside 5{'}-phosphoramidates and nucleoside 5{'}-phosphosulfates to generate nucleoside 5{'}-phosphorofluoridates

31-Mar-2015 | Wojdyla-Mamon A; Zimny J; Romanowska J; Kraszewski A; Stawinski J; Bieganowski P; Guranowski A, Biochemical Journal, 2015

Fragile-histidine-triad proteins (Fhits) occur in all eukaryotes but their function is largely unknown. Human Fhit is presumed to function as a tumor suppressor. Previously, we demonstrated that Fhits catalyze hydrolysis of not only dinucleoside triphosphates but also natural adenosine ...

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Loss of Conserved {Less than}i{Greater than}Gsdma3{Less than}/i{Greater than} Self-Regulation Causes Autophagy and Cell Death

31-Mar-2015 | Shi P; Tang A; Xian L; Hou S; Zou D; Lv Y; Huang Z; Wang Q; Song A; Lin Z; Gao X, Biochemical Journal, 2015

Gsdermin A3 (Gsdma3) was originally identified for associating with hair-loss phenotype in mouse mutants. Our previous study found AE mutant mice, with a Y344H substitution at C-terminal domain of Gsdma3, display inflammation-dependent alopecia and excoriation. Interestingly, we found that the ...

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{Less than}i{Greater than}In vitro{Less than}/i{Greater than} reconstitution of cotranslational D1 insertion reveals a role of the cpSec/Alb3 translocase and Vipp1 in photosystem II biogenesis

24-Mar-2015 | Walter B; Hristou A; Nowaczyk M; Sch{u}nemann D, Biochemical Journal, 2015

Photosystem II (PS II) is a multi subunit complex localized in the thylakoid membrane that performs the light dependent photosynthetic charge separation. The PS II reaction center comprises, amongst others, the D1 protein. De novo synthesis and repair of PS II require efficient mechanisms for ...

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Characterization of the interactions between SIVrcm Vpx and red-capped mangabey SAMHD1

20-Mar-2015 | Li J; Xu F; Hu S; Zhou J; Mei S; Zhao X; Cen S; Jin Q; Liang C; Guo F, Biochemical Journal, 2015

The SAM domain and HD domain containing protein 1 (SAMHD1) inhibits HIV-1 infection of myeloid cells and resting CD4+ T cells. Two lineages of primate lentiviruses, the sooty mangabey SIV (SIVsm)/macaque SIV (SIVmac)/HIV-2 lineage and the red-capped mangabey SIV (SIVrcm) lineage, carry a SAMHD1 ...

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Processing of Protein ADP-ribosylation by Nudix Hydrolases

19-Mar-2015 | Palazzo L; Thomas B; Jemth A; Colby T; Leidecker O; Feijs K; Zaja R; Loseva O; Puigvert J; Matic I; Helleday T; Ahel I, Biochemical Journal, 2015

ADP-ribosylation is a post-translational modification of proteins found in organisms from all kingdoms of life which regulates many important biological functions including DNA repair, chromatin structure, unfolded protein response, and apoptosis. Several cellular enzymes, such as macrodomain ...

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