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Energies, Vol. 9, Pages 84: Environmental Analysis of Petrol, Diesel and Electric Passenger Cars in a Belgian Urban Setting

29-Jan-2016 | Hooftman, Nils ; Oliveira, Luis ; Messagie, Maarten ; Coosemans, Thierry ; Van Mierlo, Joeri, Energies, 2016

The combustion of fossil fuels in the transport sector leads to an aggravation of the air quality along city roads and highways. Urban air quality is a serious problem nowadays as the number of vehicles increases on a yearly basis. With stricter Euro emission regulations, vehicle manufacturers ...


Energies, Vol. 9, Pages 71: A Large Scale Daylighting System Based on a Stepped Thickness Waveguide

26-Jan-2016 | Vu, Ngoc Hai; Shin, Seoyong, Energies, 2016

This paper presents a study on the use of optical fiber and a solar concentrator for a building daylighting system. Daylighting is essential for improving indoor environments and reducing electric lighting power consumption in office buildings. Traditionally, optical fiber daylighting systems ...


Energies, Vol. 9, Pages 76: Economic Viability Study of an On-Road Wireless Charging System with a Generic Driving Range Estimation Method

26-Jan-2016 | Shekhar, Aditya ; Prasanth, Venugopal ; Bauer, Pavol ; Bolech, Mark, Energies, 2016

The economic viability of on-road wireless charging of electric vehicles (EVs) strongly depends on the choice of the inductive power transfer (IPT) system configuration (static or dynamic charging), charging power level and the percentage of road coverage of dynamic charging. In this paper, a ...


[Report] Direct observation of triplet energy transfer from semiconductor nanocrystals

22-Jan-2016 | Cédric Mongin; Sofia Garakyaraghi; Natalia Razgoniaeva; Mikhail Zamkov; Felix N. Castellano, Science , 2016

Triplet excitons are pervasive in both organic and inorganic semiconductors but generally remain confined to the material in which they originate. We demonstrated by transient absorption spectroscopy that cadmium selenide semiconductor nanoparticles, selectively excited by green light, engage in ...


Energies, Vol. 9, Pages 66: Aerodynamic and Structural Integrated Optimization Design of Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbine Blades

22-Jan-2016 | Zhu, Jie ; Cai, Xin ; Gu, Rongrong, Energies, 2016

A procedure based on MATLAB combined with ANSYS is presented and utilized for the aerodynamic and structural integrated optimization design of Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbine (HAWT) blades. Three modules are used for this purpose: an aerodynamic analysis module using the Blade Element Momentum (BEM) ...


One-pot system for synthesis, assembly, and display of functional single-span membrane proteins on oil-water interfaces [Applied Physical Sciences]

19-Jan-2016 | Peter J. Yunker; Haruichi Asahara; Kuo-Chan Hung; Corey Landry; Laura R. Arriaga; Ilke Akartuna; John Heyman; Shaoro ..., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences current issue, 2016

Single-span membrane proteins (ssMPs) represent approximately one-half of all membrane proteins and play important roles in cellular communications. However, like all membrane proteins, ssMPs are prone to misfolding and aggregation because of the hydrophobicity of transmembrane helices, making ...


Standardized Study Designs, Value Judgments, and Financial Conflicts of Interest in Research

19-Jan-2016 | Kevin C. Elliott, Perspectives on Science, 2016

The potential for financial conflicts of interest (COIs) to influence scientific research has become a significant concern. Some commentators have suggested that the development of standardized study protocols could help to alleviate these problems. This paper identifies two problems with this ...


A Practical Anodic and Cathodic Curve Intersection Model to Understand Multiple Corrosion Potentials of Fe-Based Glassy Alloys in OH - Contained Solutions

15-Jan-2016 | Y. J. Li et al., PLoS ONE, 2016

by Y. J. Li, Y. G. Wang, B. An, H. Xu, Y. Liu, L. C. Zhang, H. Y. Ma, W. M. Wang A practical anodic and cathodic curve intersection model, which consisted of an apparent anodic curve and an imaginary cathodic line, was proposed to explain multiple corrosion potentials occurred in ...


Data-Driven Engineering of Social Dynamics: Pattern Matching and Profit Maximization

15-Jan-2016 | Huan-Kai Peng et al., PLoS ONE, 2016

by Huan-Kai Peng, Hao-Chih Lee, Jia-Yu Pan, Radu Marculescu In this paper, we define a new problem related to social media, namely, the data-driven engineering of social dynamics. More precisely, given a set of observations from the past, we aim at finding the best short-term intervention that ...


Computational Intelligence and Wavelet Transform Based Metamodel for Efficient Generation of Not-Yet Simulated Waveforms

08-Jan-2016 | Gabriel Oltean et al., PLoS ONE, 2016

by Gabriel Oltean, Laura-Nicoleta Ivanciu The design and verification of complex electronic systems, especially the analog and mixed-signal ones, prove to be extremely time consuming tasks, if only circuit-level simulations are involved. A significant amount of time can be saved if a cost ...


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