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Sustainability, Vol. 8, Pages 129: Performance Evaluation for Sustainability of Strong Smart Grid by Using Stochastic AHP and Fuzzy TOPSIS Methods

30-Jan-2016 | Zhao, Huiru ; Li, Nana, Sustainability, 2016

As an efficient way to deal with the global climate change and energy shortage problems, a strong, self-healing, compatible, economic and integrative smart gird is under construction in China, which is supported by large amounts of investments and advanced technologies. To promote the ...


Energies, Vol. 9, Pages 84: Environmental Analysis of Petrol, Diesel and Electric Passenger Cars in a Belgian Urban Setting

29-Jan-2016 | Hooftman, Nils ; Oliveira, Luis ; Messagie, Maarten ; Coosemans, Thierry ; Van Mierlo, Joeri, Energies, 2016

The combustion of fossil fuels in the transport sector leads to an aggravation of the air quality along city roads and highways. Urban air quality is a serious problem nowadays as the number of vehicles increases on a yearly basis. With stricter Euro emission regulations, vehicle manufacturers ...


Materials, Vol. 9, Pages 78: Metallurgical Parameters Controlling the Eutectic Silicon Charateristics in Be-Treated Al-Si-Mg Alloys

27-Jan-2016 | Ibrahim, Mohamed F.; Elgallad, Emad M.; Valtierra, Salvador ; Doty, Herbert W.; Samuel, Fawzy H., Materials, 2016

The present work was carried out on Al-7%Si-0.4%Mg-X alloy (where X = Mg, Fe, Sr or Be), where the effect of solidification rate on the eutectic silicon characteristics was investigated. Two solidification rates corresponding to dendrite arm spacings (DAS) of 24 and 65 μm were employed. Samples ...


Sustainability, Vol. 8, Pages 114: Technology Evaluation and Selection of 3DIC Integration Using a Three-Stage Fuzzy MCDM

26-Jan-2016 | Lee, Yen-Chun ; Chou, C. James, Sustainability, 2016

For the purpose of the sustainable development in the global semiconductor industry, emerging three-dimensional integrated circuit (3DIC) integration technologies have demonstrated their importance as potential candidates for extending the lifespan of Moore’s Law. This study aimed to explore a ...


Energies, Vol. 9, Pages 71: A Large Scale Daylighting System Based on a Stepped Thickness Waveguide

26-Jan-2016 | Vu, Ngoc Hai; Shin, Seoyong, Energies, 2016

This paper presents a study on the use of optical fiber and a solar concentrator for a building daylighting system. Daylighting is essential for improving indoor environments and reducing electric lighting power consumption in office buildings. Traditionally, optical fiber daylighting systems ...


Energies, Vol. 9, Pages 76: Economic Viability Study of an On-Road Wireless Charging System with a Generic Driving Range Estimation Method

26-Jan-2016 | Shekhar, Aditya ; Prasanth, Venugopal ; Bauer, Pavol ; Bolech, Mark, Energies, 2016

The economic viability of on-road wireless charging of electric vehicles (EVs) strongly depends on the choice of the inductive power transfer (IPT) system configuration (static or dynamic charging), charging power level and the percentage of road coverage of dynamic charging. In this paper, a ...


Sustainability, Vol. 8, Pages 107: Sustainable Acoustic Metasurfaces for Sound Control

22-Jan-2016 | Gori, Paola ; Guattari, Claudia ; Asdrubali, Francesco ; de Lieto Vollaro, Roberto ; Monti, Alessio ; Ramaccia, Davi ..., Sustainability, 2016

Sound attenuation with conventional acoustic materials is subject to the mass law and requires massive and bulky structures at low frequencies. A possible alternative solution is provided by the use of metamaterials, which are artificial materials properly engineered to obtain properties and ...


Energies, Vol. 9, Pages 66: Aerodynamic and Structural Integrated Optimization Design of Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbine Blades

22-Jan-2016 | Zhu, Jie ; Cai, Xin ; Gu, Rongrong, Energies, 2016

A procedure based on MATLAB combined with ANSYS is presented and utilized for the aerodynamic and structural integrated optimization design of Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbine (HAWT) blades. Three modules are used for this purpose: an aerodynamic analysis module using the Blade Element Momentum (BEM) ...


Sensors, Vol. 16, Pages 132: Vision-Based Georeferencing of GPR in Urban Areas

21-Jan-2016 | Barzaghi, Riccardo ; Cazzaniga, Noemi Emanuela; Pagliari, Diana ; Pinto, Livio, Sensors, 2016

Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) surveying is widely used to gather accurate knowledge about the geometry and position of underground utilities. The sensor arrays need to be coupled to an accurate positioning system, like a geodetic-grade Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) device. However, ...


Molecules, Vol. 21, Pages 52: Synthesis, Spectroscopic, Structural and Quantum Chemical Studies of a New Imine Oxime and Its Palladium(II) Complex: Hydrolysis Mechanism

21-Jan-2016 | Kaya, Yunus ; Yilmaz, Veysel T.; Buyukgungor, Orhan, Molecules, 2016

In this work, we report synthesis, crystallographic, spectroscopic and quantum chemical studies of a new imine oxime, namely (4-nitro-phenyl)-(1-phenyl-ethylimino)-acetaldehyde oxime (nppeieoH). Spectroscopic and X-ray diffraction studies showed that nppeieoH is hydrolyzed in aqueous solution, ...


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