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17,492 Newest Publications about the topic solution

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Sustainability, Vol. 6, Pages 7224-7241: Local Perceptions about the Effects of Jatropha (Jatropha curcas) and Castor (Ricinus communis) Plantations on Households in Ghana and Ethiopia

17-10-2014 | Timko, Joleen A.; Amsalu, Aklilu ; Acheampong, Emmanuel ; Teferi, Mesfin K., Sustainability, 2014

Biofuel plantations have been hyped as a means to reinvigorate Africa’s rural areas. Yet there is still apprehension about the negative environmental and social impacts of large-scale commercial biofuel production around rising food prices, land grabbing, ecological damage, and disruption of ...

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IJERPH, Vol. 11, Pages 10806-10823: Evaluation of Toxic Metals and Essential Elements in Children with Learning Disabilities from a Rural Area of Southern Brazil

17-10-2014 | Nascimento, Sabrina Nunes do; Charão, Mariele Feiffer; Moro, Angela Maria; Roehrs, Miguel ; Paniz, Clovis ; Baierle, ..., International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2014

Children’s exposure to metals can result in adverse effects such as cognitive function impairments. This study aimed to evaluate some toxic metals and levels of essential trace elements in blood, hair, and drinking water in children from a rural area of Southern Brazil. Cognitive ability and ...

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Materials, Vol. 7, Pages 7048-7058: Effect of Isomorphous Substitution on the Thermal Decomposition Mechanism of Hydrotalcites

17-10-2014 | Crosby, Sergio ; Tran, Doanh ; Cocke, David ; Duraia, El-Shazly M.; Beall, Gary W., Materials, 2014

Hydrotalcites have many important applications in catalysis, wastewater treatment, gene delivery and polymer stabilization, all depending on preparation history and treatment scenarios. In catalysis and polymer stabilization, thermal decomposition is of great importance. Hydrotalcites form easily ...

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Sensors, Vol. 14, Pages 19457-19476: An Energy Efficient MAC Protocol for Multi-Hop Swallowable Body Sensor Networks

17-10-2014 | Lin, Lin ; Yang, Chengfeng ; Wong, Kai Juan; Yan, Hao ; Shen, Junwen ; Phee, Soo Jay, Sensors, 2014

Swallowable body sensor networks (BSNs) are composed of sensors which are swallowed by patients and send the collected data to the outside coordinator. These sensors are energy constraint and the batteries are difficult to be replaced. The medium access control (MAC) protocol plays an important ...

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Molecules, Vol. 19, Pages 16737-16756: Intramolecular Azide to Alkene Cycloadditions for the Construction of Pyrrolobenzodiazepines and Azetidino-Benzodiazepines

17-10-2014 | Hemming, Karl ; Chambers, Christopher S.; Jamshaid, Faisal ; O'Gorman, Paul A., Molecules, 2014

The coupling of proline- and azetidinone-substituted alkenes to 2-azidobenzoic and 2-azidobenzenesulfonic acid gives precursors that undergo intramolecular azide to alkene 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions to give imine-, triazoline- or aziridine-containing pyrrolo[1,4]benzodiazepines (PBDs), ...

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IJMS, Vol. 15, Pages 18789-18803: Cartilage Turnover Reflected by Metabolic Processing of Type II Collagen: A Novel Marker of Anabolic Function in Chondrocytes

17-10-2014 | Gudmann, Natasja Stæhr; Wang, Jianxia ; Hoielt, Sabine ; Chen, Pingping ; Siebuhr, Anne Sofie; He, Yi ; Christiansen ..., International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2014

The aim of this study was to enable measurement of cartilage formation by a novel biomarker of type II collagen formation. The competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) Pro-C2 was developed and characterized for assessment of the beta splice variant of type II procollagen (PIIBNP). ...

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IJMS, Vol. 15, Pages 18725-18741: Caffeic Acid Reduces the Viability and Migration Rate of Oral Carcinoma Cells (SCC-25) Exposed to Low Concentrations of Ethanol

17-10-2014 | Dziedzic, Arkadiusz ; Kubina, Robert ; Kabała-Dzik, Agata ; Wojtyczka, Robert D.; Morawiec, Tadeusz ; Bułdak, Rafał J., International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2014

Alcohol increases the risk of carcinoma originated from oral epithelium, but the biological effects of ultra-low doses of ethanol on existing carcinoma cells in combination with natural substances are still unclear. A role for ethanol (EtOH), taken in small amounts as an ingredient of some ...

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Energies, Vol. 7, Pages 6689-6720: Seismic Velocity/Temperature Correlations and a Possible New Geothermometer: Insights from Exploration of a High-Temperature Geothermal System on Montserrat, West Indies

17-10-2014 | Ryan, Graham Alexander; Shalev, Eylon, Energies, 2014

In 2013, two production wells were drilled into a geothermal reservoir on Montserrat, W.I. (West Indies) Drilling results confirmed the main features of a previously developed conceptual model. The results confirm that below ~220 °C there is a negative correlation between reservoir temperature ...

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Materials, Vol. 7, Pages 7010-7021: Suppression of 3C-Inclusion Formation during Growth of 4H-SiC Si-Face Homoepitaxial Layers with a 1° Off-Angle

17-10-2014 | Masumoto, Keiko ; Asamizu, Hirokuni ; Tamura, Kentaro ; Kudou, Chiaki ; Nishio, Johji ; Kojima, Kazutoshi ; Ohno, To ..., Materials, 2014

We grew epitaxial layers on 4H-silicon carbide (SiC) Si-face substrates with a 1° off-angle. The suppression of 3C-inclusion formation during growth at a high C/Si ratio was investigated, because a growth technique with a high C/Si ratio is needed to decrease residual nitrogen incorporation. 3C ...

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Molecules, Vol. 19, Pages 16779-16793: Biomimetic Adhesive Materials Containing Cyanoacryl Group for Medical Application

17-10-2014 | Jo, Sueng Hwan; Sohn, Jeong Sun, Molecules, 2014

For underwater adhesives with biocompatible and more flexible bonds using biomimetic adhesive groups, DOPA-like adhesive molecules were modified with cyanoacrylates to obtain different repeating units and chain length copolymers. The goal of this work is to copy the mechanisms of underwater ...

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