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[Report] Cotranslational protein folding on the ribosome monitored in real time

27-Nov-2015 | Wolf Holtkamp; Goran Kokic; Marcus Jäger; Joerg Mittelstaet; Anton A. Komar; Marina V. Rodnina, Science , 2015

Protein domains can fold into stable tertiary structures while they are synthesized on the ribosome. We used a high-performance, reconstituted in vitro translation system to investigate the folding of a small five-helix protein domain—the N-terminal domain of Escherichia coli N5-glutamine ...


[Report] Near-unity photoluminescence quantum yield in MoS2

27-Nov-2015 | Matin Amani; Der-Hsien Lien; Daisuke Kiriya; Jun Xiao; Angelica Azcatl; Jiyoung Noh; Surabhi R. Madhvapathy; Rafik A ..., Science , 2015

Two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides have emerged as a promising material system for optoelectronic applications, but their primary figure of merit, the room-temperature photoluminescence quantum yield (QY), is extremely low. The prototypical 2D material molybdenum disulfide ...


[Report] Open-ocean fish reveal an omnidirectional solution to camouflage in polarized environments

20-Nov-2015 | Parrish C. Brady; Alexander A. Gilerson; George W. Kattawar; James M. Sullivan; Michael S. Twardowski; Heidi M. Dier ..., Science , 2015

Despite appearing featureless to our eyes, the open ocean is a highly variable environment for polarization-sensitive viewers. Dynamic visual backgrounds coupled with predator encounters from all possible directions make this habitat one of the most challenging for camouflage. We tested ...


[Perspective] Love at second sight for CO2 and H2 in organic synthesis

06-Nov-2015 | Jürgen Klankermayer; Walter Leitner, Science , 2015

Many romantic comedies are based on a couple with opposite personalities who fall in love, lose track of each other, and reunite against all odds, most often with the help of a mediator. This cinematic scenario recaps the recent progress in bringing together two molecular actors, carbon dioxide ...


[Feature] Cradle of life

30-Oct-2015 | Lizzie Wade, Science , 2015

The Amazon rainforest contains 10% of the world's known species, making it one of the most biodiverse places in the world. But when, and why, did it come to be that way? Scientists agree that the Amazon's rich biodiversity was shaped by convulsive geological changes—mountains rising, coasts ...


[Book Review] Beyond “publish or perish”

02-Oct-2015 | Johanna Gutlerner, Science , 2015

Experts have been debating whether we are training too many Ph.D.s for the jobs that exist for more than 40 years, but is this really the problem? While acknowledging that some reduction in the number of trainees may be necessary, Leonard Cassuto has a different solution to the glut of graduate ...


[Report] Atomically thin two-dimensional organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites

25-Sep-2015 | Letian Dou; Andrew B. Wong; Yi Yu; Minliang Lai; Nikolay Kornienko; Samuel W. Eaton; Anthony Fu; Connor G. Bischak; ..., Science , 2015

Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites, which have proved to be promising semiconductor materials for photovoltaic applications, have been made into atomically thin two-dimensional (2D) sheets. We report the solution-phase growth of single- and few-unit-cell-thick single-crystalline 2D hybrid ...


[This Week in Science] A solution for scalable-flow batteries

25-Sep-2015 | Marc S. Lavine, Science , 2015

Author: Marc S. Lavine


[Perspective] How minerals dissolve

18-Sep-2015 | Mariëtte Wolthers, Science , 2015

During mineral growth and dissolution, material (in the form of atoms, molecules, complexes, or clusters) is transported through water to or from the mineral surface. Even in a solution that is at equilibrium with respect to a given mineral, there is transport to and from the surface. Although ...


[Report] X-ray–driven reaction front dynamics at calcite-water interfaces

18-Sep-2015 | Nouamane Laanait; Erika B. R. Callagon; Zhan Zhang; Neil C. Sturchio; Sang Soo Lee; Paul Fenter, Science , 2015

The interface between minerals and aqueous solutions hosts globally important biogeochemical processes such as the growth and dissolution of carbonate minerals. Understanding such processes requires spatially and temporally resolved observations and experimental controls that precisely manipulate ...


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