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Scientists add a specific polymer composite to the silicon anode of lithium-ion batteries, which significantly increasing their lifetime
Think of a battery, and the term lithium-ion most likely comes to mind. Because of its light weight, high-energy density, and ability to deliver three times as much current as other types of rechargeable batteries, lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have become the dominant type of battery in both ...
A clever new method for observing metal-organic frameworks and guest molecule interactions, using real-time polarized infrared spectroscopy
Most people don’t think about how molecules fit in the ultra-small spaces between other molecules, but that is what Professor Masahide Takahashi’s research team do every day at Osaka Metropolitan University. They study metal-organic frameworks (MOF), composed of modularly arranged metal ions and ...
Lights, catalyst, reaction! Converting CO₂ to formic acid using an alumina-supported, iron-based compound
Photoreduction of CO2 into transportable fuel like formic acid (HCOOH) is a great way of dealing with CO2’s rising levels in the atmosphere. To aid in this mission, a research team from Tokyo Tech chose an easily available iron-based mineral and loaded it onto an alumina support to develop a ...
Rigid waterproof coating for paper aims to reduce our dependence on plastic
For our sake and the environment, there is a considerable amount of research into the reduction of plastic for many and various applications. For the first time, researchers have found a way to imbue relatively sustainable paper materials with some of the useful properties of plastic. This can be ...
A fast, efficient, selective membrane for purifying saltwater
Water scarcity is a growing problem around the world. Desalination of seawater is an established method to produce drinkable water but comes with huge energy costs. For the first time, researchers use fluorine-based nanostructures to successfully filter salt from water. Compared to current ...
Researchers from Japan investigate a new safer way to transport and store fuels
Liquid fuels with high energy density are essential in many applications where chemical energy is converted into controlled motion, such as in rockets, gas turbines, boilers, and certain vehicle engines. Besides their combustion characteristics and performance, it is also important to guarantee ...
Researchers use muonic x-rays to find elemental makeup of samples without damaging them
By combining technologies originally designed for high-energy particle accelerators and astronomy observations, researchers can now for the first time analyze the elemental makeup of samples without damaging them, which could be useful for researchers working in other fields such as archaeology, ...
Researchers overcome computational limitations to predict the starting materials of multi-step reactions using only information about the target product molecule
Have you ever only caught the end of a TV show and wondered how the story progressed to that ending? In a similar way, chemists often have a desired molecule in mind and wonder what kind of reaction could produce it. Researchers in the Maeda Group at the Institute for Chemical Reaction Design and ...
High-voltage environmentally friendly organic lithium-ion batteries
A joint research team from Tohoku University and the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) has made a significant advancement towards high-voltage metal-free lithium-ion batteries that use a small organic molecule, croconic acid. The breakthrough moves us closer to realizing metal-free, ...
Milling rice to separate the grain from the husks produces about 100 million tons of rice husk waste globally each year. Scientists searching for a scalable method to fabricate quantum dots have developed a way to recycle rice husks to create the first silicon quantum dot (QD) LED light. Their ...