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Charging a green future: Latest advancement in lithium-ion batteries could make them ubiquitous

Scientists add a specific polymer composite to the silicon anode of lithium-ion batteries, which significantly increasing their lifetime


Think of a battery, and the term lithium-ion most likely comes to mind. Because of its light weight, high-energy density, and ability to deliver three times as much current as other types of rechargeable batteries, lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have become the dominant type of battery in both ...


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Carbon molecular sieve integrated graphene sensor

New paradigm in atmospheric gas sensing and molecular identification


Graphene, an atomic-thick sheet of carbon has found immense applications in gas sensors due to its single-molecule sensitivity, low-noise levels, and high carrier density. However, graphene’s much-heralded sensitivity also means it is inherently non-selective to any gas. Hence, it easily gets ...


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New electrode on board: zinc blende type β-SiC anode materials for lithium-ion batteries

A simple methodology for the synthesis of novel β-SiC nanoparticle-based anode materials for lithium-ion batteries


Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), known for their longevity, excellent charge storage characteristics, high energy density, and high operating voltage, have become the cornerstone of portable electronics, electronic vehicles, and the alternate energy economy. Manipulating the electrode material of ...


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Supercomputer and quantum simulations solve a difficult problem of materials science

Researchers from Japan successfully estimate the bending energy of disiloxane molecule with ultra-fine molecular simulations run on a supercomputer


Understanding the structural properties of molecules found in nature or synthesized in the laboratory has always been the bread and butter of materials scientists. But, with advancements in science and technology, the endeavor has become even more ambitious: discovering new materials with highly ...


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New study shows novel crystal structure for hydrogen under high pressure

Researchers identify a potential crystal phase for hydrogen solidified at extreme pressures using data science and supercomputer simulations


Elements in the periodic table can take up multiple forms. Carbon, for example, exists as diamond or graphite depending on the environmental conditions at the time of formation. Crystal structures that have been formed in ultra-high-pressure environments are particularly important as they provide ...


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Fast and durable batteries to come

A promising anode material for lithium-ion batteries could unlock extremely fast battery charging for electric vehicles


With the climate change concerns, an ever-increasing number of researchers are currently focusing on improving electric vehicles (EVs) to make them a more attractive alternative to conventional gas cars. The battery improvement of EVs is a key issue to attract more drives. In addition to safety, ...


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Built to last: New copolymer binder to extend the life of lithium ion batteries

Scientists develop a novel binder material that protects the graphite anode of Li-ion batteries from degradation even after 1700 cycles


Anyone who has owned a smartphone for over a year is most likely aware that its built-in lithium (Li)-ion battery does not hold as much charge as when the device was new. The degradation of Li-ion batteries is a serious issue that greatly limits the useful life of portable electronic devices, ...


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Thanks to machine learning, the future of catalyst research is now!

New study defies conventions and proposes a technology-driven method to identify useful catalyst combinations


To date, research in the field of combinatorial catalysts has relied on serendipitous discoveries of catalyst combinations. Now, scientists from Japan have streamlined a protocol that combines random sampling, high-throughput experimentation, and data science to identify synergistic combinations ...


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Fine tuned: adjusting the composition and properties of semiconducting 2D alloys

Scientists experimentally realize 2D Si-Ge alloys with tunable electronic properties, getting us closer to a breakthrough in modern electronics


Semiconducting 2D alloys could be key to overcoming the technical limitations of modern electronics. Although 2D Si-Ge alloys would have interesting properties for this purpose, they were only predicted theoretically. Now, scientists from Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology have ...


Simple is best? Simple and universal design for fuel cell electrolyte

A step forward towards a hydrogen society


Researchers at Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST) and Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences have successfully established a universal synthetic design using porous organic polymers (POPs) for fuel cell electrolyte, according to an Editor's ...


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